National Kenkomi Architectural Design Institute
World Architectural History III
Diverse society (architect-centered architecture)
Postmodernist architecture Deconstructivist architecture Reductionist architecture
～ The beginning of the 3rd architecture ～
Chapter 7 Dutch Structuralism
Contemporary thought born in France in the 1960s.
The idea is to focus on the system, and it is characterized by taking a critical position on Sartre's existentialism (emphasis on rationality and independence), which was active at the same time. It was an attempt to overcome all modern European rationalism. It is not a type of idealism, but a methodology, and is currently being applied in various fields. Derrida also criticized Derrida as Eurocentric from the perspective of studying undeveloped land and trying to use it. He points out that he breaks away from the dualistic idea of relativization, which leads to poststructuralism. The structuralist epidemic ended with the May 1968 revolution.
Rather than defining numbers in the Cartesian XYZ axes to create a homogeneous space, it is more important to focus on your own field and be aware of its surroundings and boundaries. Features such as ambiguity and ambiguity can be mentioned. A reaction to modernist architecture that was too functional. Since it was based on the village of Pueblo, it tends to focus on the fundamental part of human beings, from the change of part to the whole. It is also related to "Metabolism", which is based on the concept of metabolism of life.
<Intermediate area as a complementary place>
"In between space" "threshold"
Ake was inspired by the word "doorstep" used in Mr. and Mrs. Smithson's proposal (CIAM Conference, 1953) to culminate in the concept of the intermediate region. Originally, it was thought of as an intermediate area connecting "houses" and "streets," but it was expanded and interpreted as the main axis of the plan. Intermediate area as space between paired phenomena, gradation, ambiguous space, part and whole, inside and outside, individual and set, fractal, intrusion
◆◆ Aldo van Eyck
■ Orphanage "Children's House"
Dutch architect Aldo van Eyck built the Amsterdam Orphanage in 1960. His design focused on the balance of power to create both a hometown and a small city on the outskirts of Amsterdam. As a member of CIAM and as a founding member of Team 10, he gave a strong opinion on post-war architecture. The Amsterdam Orphanage was an opportunity for Van Eyck to put his opinion into practice through his first major construction project. Van Aik criticized the early postwar architecture for its lack of humanity. At the Amsterdam Orphanage, he sought to design a modern building with a vision of a new city from that of CIAM's predecessor. CIAM, Congrès internationalaux d'architecture moderne, was founded between 1928 and 1959. Architecture. Team 10 was formed as a reaction within CIAM around 1953. As CIAM began to disband, Fan Ike and a small group of young architects formed their own organization. Team 10 architects remained independent as designers, but gathered to share and discuss their work, including the Amsterdam Orphanage in Van Eik. At the time of completion, the Amsterdam Orphanage was on the outskirts of the city. Consigned as an orphanage for children of all ages, it includes a bedroom, kitchen, laundry room, gymnasium, library and administration space. Van Ake talked about the orphanage as a study of a small city. As such, the design of Van Eyck's orphanage was for both children's homes and small city plans. He has many points of interaction in the plan Created a scattered city node. Van Aik was interested in developing a non-hierarchical city and created a building at the Amsterdam Orphanage with many intermediate conditions to destroy the hierarchy of space.
■ Kroller-Muller Museum Sculpture Garden
Dead Sea Book Temple Photo
Orphanage "Children's House" Aldo van Eyck
Other organic architecture
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