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Renzo Piano is one of Italy 's leading architects . Born in 1937 in a construction company in Genoa. After two years at the University of Florence , he graduated from Polytechnic University of Milan in 1964. After working for Franco Albini, he founded Studio Piano in 1965. In the late 1960s, Louis I. Kahn collaborated on the design of the Olivetti Underwood plant. From 1970 to 1977, he co-sponsored the architectural design office "Piano & Rogers" with Richard Rodgers. We jointly proceeded with the design of the Pompidou Center , which won the architectural design competition. From 1977 to 1980, he co-sponsored Piano & Rice & Associates with structurist Peter Rice. In 1981, he founded the Renzo Piano Building Workshop in his hometown of Genoa.
Major works include the Pompidou Center , which shocked the international arena , the Kansai International Airport passenger terminal building design, which is the greatest achievement of engineering and structural design in 20th century architecture, and Daimler for the redevelopment of Potsdamer Platz in Berlin.・ It will be a city master plan design. All of them respond to the technical challenges required for huge buildings, and take into consideration the symbolism of the international airport and the historical context around Berlin.
His designed by ultra-high-rise building is non Berlin Sydney addition, which is designed such as to (Aurora Place), London located on the southwest side of the London Bridge Station " Shard London Bridge 87-storey height of" 310m There is a pyramid-shaped skyscraper in London.
The genius behind some of the world's most famous building
Georges Pompidou National Center for the Arts and Culture Known as "Pompidou Center" Is a comprehensive cultural facility located in the Saint-Merri district of the 4th arrondissement of Paris. Capital Paris in the heart of the Art and Design other,design , music , movie -related facilities andlibraries , including themodern and contemporary art the original architect of the concept of providing a baseRenzo Piano ,Richard Rogers andChan Franco Franky two design Was done. There were criticisms that the design was so novel that it spoiled the aesthetics of Paris, which is lined with historic buildings, but Renzo Piano said, "I wanted to destroy the image of a stern cultural facility. This is the most free relationship between art and humans. It's a dream, and at the same time, it's a place where you can feel the breath of the city. "
The Pompidou Center has 7 floors and 3 floors below, and the Pompidou Center (total floor area 103,305 m²) has a public information library (1st to 3rd floors), the National Museum of Modern Art (4th to 6th floors), restaurants and cafes. It consists of a roof including the roof , two movie theaters, a multipurpose hall, and a conference room, and there is a National Institute of Acoustics and Music on the premises as an ancillary facility.The Museum of Modern Art in New York , the largest in Europe and the world It is the second scale after. In 2010, the Pompidou Center Metz opened as a branch of the Pompidou Center. Design, Japanese architect Shigeru Ban , French architect Jean de Gasutinu , British architect Philip Gumuchijan has worked jointly.
On the other hand, the innovative design, in which steel frames are assembled on the outside of the building like scaffolding at a construction site , and plumbing equipment for electricity, water, air conditioning, stairs, escalator, etc. are arranged here, is controversial and "Avant-garde art that spoils the aesthetics of Paris. , "Plumbing equipment Notre Dame," "Art Warehouse," "Gas Factory," "Oil Refinery," "Cultural Junk Storage," or "Ponpidorium," which was criticized for aquariums and planetariums. Jean Baudrillard described it as a "cultural hypermarket " in the "Beaubourg effect".
These facilities are color coded, with blue representing the flow of air (air conditioning), green representing the flow of water (water), yellow representing the flow of electricity, and red representing the flow of people (stairs, escalators). Renzo Piano said, "I wanted to destroy the image of a stern cultural facility (building). This is a dream of the most free relationship between art and human beings, and at the same time, a place where you can feel the breath of the city." rice field.
A museum on the outskirts of Houston, Texas, opened in June 1987. It boasts a collection of 15,000 pieces of ancient sculpture, African art, Mayan and Oceanian art, and contemporary art, combining a collection centered on contemporary art collected by his wife and works donated by other collectors. In particular, the collections of Surrealism and avant-garde art are excellent and are given a room that is the main exhibition room of this museum. Museum of the main building of the design due to the Renzo Piano, is adopted as the platform roof, which is also referred to as the light of the shelter, exhibition rooms that vary depending on the weather pours soft natural light from the ceiling is characteristic. The exterior tiles are gray and the corrugated roof is white, and the well-maintained lawn blends nicely with the simple, spacious low-rise buildings. Annexes such as museums are scattered throughout the premises.
[Kansai International Airport Terminal Building ]
A 24-hour full-sea airport built on an artificial island off the coast of Quanzhou. Although it has many problems such as business integration with Itami Airport, conversion to a hub airport, and land subsidence of reclaimed land, it has a high global construction and architectural reputation including connecting bridges, and was selected as one of the 10 major projects in the 20th century. ing. The terminal building (PTB) of the main building was designed by Renzo Piano Workshop Japan, which was selected in an international competition. The building has a large, gently arcing roof that surrounds the first to fourth floors. Glass is often used for the interior and exterior , and the roof has a gentle arc-shaped curve that resembles the wings of an airplane. When viewed from above, this terminal is shaped like a "bird resting its wings. " ..
Although it is a single building, it can operate both international and domestic flights, and has an annual passenger processing capacity of 25 million (12 million international and 13 million domestic). Canyon 4-layer blow-entrance side, spaces such as botanical gardens pouring faint natural light. The huge blue pipe is an air conditioning duct. It is used as an element of mechanical design by exposing equipment such as air conditioners to the internal space together with structural members. Contrary to its rich appearance, it can move smoothly with a very simple flow line that separates the trunk and branches and leaves. The 4th floor and airside where you can feel the beauty of Renzo Piano's architectural structure up close are the stainless steel roof and the steel trusses that support it , and Teflon , which is placed between them and also serves as a reflector for indirect lighting. Not only the structural beauty, but also the white sail (air truss) made of steel, the spout painted in blue, and the departure lobby of the dome-shaped pillarless space with a large curvature that seems to gently converge the short side of the building. I felt that it was an organically constructed space as if it were inside the human body. Although it is difficult to pay attention to the problems of Kansai International Airport and the construction project aspect of "landfill airport" in Japan, it is a symbol that represents Osaka, which is the first tourist from overseas to visit.
It is a science center located on the east side of Amsterdam station facing the sea. The copper plate on the outer wall is emerald green, so it stands out. Architecture like a huge ship . A simulated building of a ship in the form of a waterscape landmark . Such ship-shaped architecture is also reflected in the Genoa port redevelopment plan previously designed by Mr. Piano, showing that Mr. Piano, who grew up in the port town, is a sea lover and a ship lover.
A museum that shares the collection of the art dealer Ernst Beyeler. The museum building was built by Renzo Piano , one of the two architects at the Pompidou Center. In the garden surrounding the museum, there is Calder 's mobile "L' arbre (Thursday)". There is a pond with water lilies near the windows of the three rooms of the museum. Patagonia's red porphyry covers the reinforced concrete building, and the pond, which resembles Monet's water lily, creates a sense of unity between the inside and the outside . The glass roof that covers the museum gently filters direct sunlight, and the windows are large so that you can appreciate the work only with natural light.
The Paul Klee Center is a museum on the outskirts of Bern , the capital of Switzerland , and owns more than 4,000 works by Paul Klee , a painter who spent half his life in Bern. The Paul Klee Center opened in June 2005, bringing together the collection of the Paul Klee Foundation, which had been in the Museum of Fine Arts Bern, and the works donated by Klee's daughter-in-law, Livia Klee-Meyer. ..
The center was designed by the internationally renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano , a semi-circular building in the hills outside Bern. There is also a music hall and restaurant inside the building, which can be accessed by tram or city bus from the city of Bern. A building with a novel shape featuring three wavy shapes made of glass and steel. The design of the entire facility looks like it is buried in the site, so it is integrated with the landscape and is in harmony with nature. This is not only the intention of the architect, is said to be a result of the respect the relationship that the facility side of the clay itself had to cherish "Art & Nature" (Art and Nature).
[California Academy of Sciences New Building ]
The world's largest natural science museum. In addition to the exhibition room, the aquarium, planetarium, subtropical research institute, etc. are all in one. The first is the three green bumps on the roof and the many eye-catching glass windows on it. The Natural History Museum , which opened in 1853, was completely renovated and completed in 2008. Various attempts have been made to minimize the energy used for air conditioning and lighting. For example, the unique feature on the roof is for daylighting, and the green is for planting plants to keep the temperature inside the building warm in summer, cool, and winter. At the time of the reopening, it was called "the cleanest facility in the world" because it tried to obtain much of the energy used here from nature.
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