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Architectural design language categorization
Design proposal component " CATE "
設計提案の構成要素" CATE "
■ Primary categorization = Components of design proposal
It is necessary to organize the elements that make up a design proposal in order to conduct an objective and fair review of architectural design works. This arrangement is positioned as the first dimension categorization " CATE ". We classify the components necessary for building design proposals into 5 items from A to E. ​The purpose is to organize the architectural language according to various dimensions (characteristics).

■ 設計提案の構成要素" CATE " 建築設計作品の客観的で公平な審査を行う上で設計提案の構成する要素を整理する必要がある。この整理を設計提案の構成要素
" CATE " と位置付ける。建築設計提案していく上で必要な構成要素を" CATE-A "から" CATE-E "の5項目に分類する。客観的に建築言語の整理することを目的としている。

CATE - A​ 敷地

CATE - ​B​ 用途

CATE - ​C​ 形態

CATE - D​ 空間

CATE - E​ 人間

Multidimensionality of the constituent "CATE"
構成要素" CATE "の​多層性と多次元性
■ The component "CATE" is multi-dimensional. : We have categorized the components necessary for architectural design proposals into 5 items from "CATE-A" to "CATE-E", but in reality there are more detailed categorizations within this categorization. For example, among the elements of site "CATE-A"
Planning Site " CATE-A -1", Adjacent Relationship " CATE-A -2", Surrounding Building " CATE-A -3", Area " CATE-A -4", City " CATE-A -5" etc. It can be seen that there are various proposed elements, and other constituent elements are interposed in "CATE", and it is structured in a multidimensional manner. Also, this categorization differs depending on how it is embodied, and this is multi-layeredness intervening in the constituent elements. The hierarchy from " CATE-A -1" to " CATE-A -5" above is embodied under the theme of scale " CATE-A -a" for the site, and there are also environmental " CATE-A -b" There are various hierarchies such as ", regulation" CATE-A -c", structure "CATE-A -d". Considering these multi-layered and multi-dimensional properties, the proposed site scale categorization plan can be described as the environment "CATE-A-a-1". In other words, the language of the planned site can be converted to "architectural code" based on "CATE-A -a-1" and logical thinking, and can be diverted to various designs and evaluations.

■ 構成要素" CATE " には多次元で構成されている。建築設計提案していく上で必要な構成要素を" CATE-A "から" CATE-E "の5項目に分類したが、実際にはこのカテゴライズの中にさらに細かいカテゴライズが存在している。例えば敷地" CATE-A "の要素の中には
計画敷地" CATE-A -1"、隣接関係​" CATE-A
-2"、周辺建物​" CATE-A -3"、地域" CATE-A -4"、都市" CATE-A -5"など様々な提案要素がありその他の構成要素を" CATE "にも介在しており多次元的に構成されていることがわかる。また、どのように具体化させるかによってもこのカテゴライズは異なりこれが構成要素に介在する多層性である。上記の" CATE-A -1"から" CATE-A -5"の階層は敷地に対してスケール" CATE-A -a"をテーマに具体化されておりその他にも環境" CATE-A -b"や法規" CATE-A -c"、構造" CATE-A -d"など様々な階層が存在する。これらの多層性と多次元性を考慮すると敷地のスケールに関するカテゴライズの計画敷地に対する提案は環境" CATE-A -a-1"と表記することができる。つまり、計画敷地の言語は" CATE-A -a-1"と論理的な思考に基づき" 建築的コード" に変換可能であり様々なデザインや評価に転用が可能となる。
Construction order of architectural design elements
Architectural design components "CATE" are not thought and expressed in order from A to E, but the order differs depending on the designer's design process. This order is greatly influenced by the culture of the designer's country and the style of the university or design office. ​The symbolic order of categorization from A to E is determined by the World Standard, which is a general (statistically most probable) indicator of designers in the world. The process of thinking about architectural design and the process of expressing in making architectural design proposals may differ, and may change consciously or accidentally. Evaluation and sensibility for the construction order of the architectural design element "CATE" Characteristic and later "CHARA" are used when comparing objectively from average values such as global standards, regional standards, and by university, and when individuals arbitrarily decide the construction order of others. It's different when you look at it. The "CHARA" of evaluation and sensibility that is intervening here has two characteristics: "CHARA-a" with creative originality and "CHARA-b" that is the antonym of cooperative similarity. is. ​In an objective evaluation using global standard statistical data, if the classification is statistically highly probable, it is classified as cooperative similarity "CHARA-b", and if the probability is low, it is classified as creative uniqueness ( originality) "CHARA-a" But global statistical standards do not get the same recognition as all individual designers. When an individual arbitrarily sees the composition order of others, it is due to the statistical data and interest of the building, design work, and person's experience that the individual has touched so far. The WASA World Architecture Student Award adopts the World Standard and adopts an objective evaluation. Will it be possible to reproduce individual arbitrary evaluations in the future?

建築設計の構成要素" CATE "
 はAからEの順番で思考や表現させるわけではなく、設計者の設計プロセスによって順番は異なる。この順序は設計者の国の文化や大学や設計事務所のスタイルによって大きく影響されている。​AからEのカテゴライズの記号順は、世界における設計者の一般的な(統計上もっとも確率の高い)指標である世界標準(World Standard)によって決定している。建築設計を思考するプロセスと建築設計提案を行う上で表現するプロセスは異なる場合があり、意識的に変えている場合や偶発的に変わる場合もある。建築設計要素" CATE " の構成順序に対する評価や感性  Characteristic 以降 " CHARA " は、世界標準や地域標準、大学別などの平均値から客観的に比較する場合と個人が他者の構成順序を恣意的に見た場合で異なる。ここに介在している評価や感性の " CHARA "は、創造力のある独自性(オリジナリティ) " CHARA-a " とその対義である協調力のある類似性" CHARA-b " の二つの性質である。​世界標準の統計データを用いた客観的な評価では、統計的に確立の高い分類に当てはまる場合は協調力のある類似性" CHARA-b " 、確率の低い場合は創造力のある独自性(オリジナリティ) " CHARA-a " と一図けることができる。しかし世界的な統計基準がすべての設計者個人と同じ評価を得られるわけではない。個人が他者の構成順序を恣意的に見た場合、その個人が今まで触れてきた建築物や設計作品、人物の経験の統計データと興味がどれだけあるかに起因する。WASA世界建築学生賞では世界標準(World Standard)を採用して客観的な評価を採用している。今後、個々の恣意的な評価も再現することはできるであろうか。

> CATE A >

> CATE B >

> CATE C >

> CATE D >

> CATE E >


> CATE A >

> CATE B >

> CATE E >

> CATE D >

> CATE C >

First, determine the subject to be the theme. How to give the theme is set from social issues other than architecture, regional issues, personal experience, and architectural setting such as planned site and program, possibility of design method, possibility of form, possibility of space May be done.

In the proposal, it is necessary to propose new possibilities and functionality, so it is necessary to make a proposal by crossing various thoughts. There is a (point of view) for each of the crossing of thoughts (six component process elements [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F1] [F2]).

[A] Declining birthrate and aging population , vacant house problems , environmental problems , energy problems, health promotion, community, communication, homelessness, elderly people, single people , multi-generational people, multinational people , people with disabilities, healthy people, etc.

[B] Disaster recovery , flood damage , regional revitalization , marginal villages , tourism pollution, urban whereabouts , reopening development , new towns, stocks , vacant houses , vacant lots , unused land, waste material use, garbage circulation, forest resources, forest devastation・ Infrastructure ・ Inheritance of cityscape ・ Inheritance of architecture ・ Inheritance of cultural technology ・ Nostalgia ・ Original scenery ・ Dense wooden areas ・ Site boundaries ・ Fences ・ Slums ・ Dark markets, etc.

[C] Mobility , street-like mobile architecture , temporary construction, movable architecture, living environment, industrialized housing , production housing, stations , crematoriums, ossuary, chapel, etc.

[D] Scrap & build, flow, renewal method , extension and extension , memory and architecture , metaphor, metaphor, simile, composition , nesting, dispersion, radial, centripetal, addition, subtraction (absence), double lattice, Grid , zoning , three-dimensional grid, flow line, axis line , proportional module, golden ratio, modulor, etc.

[E] Floors, pillars, walls, ceilings, roofs, roads, windows , curtain walls, screens, façade, surface layers, sloping floors, slopes , raised floors, pilotis, atriums, lodges, volumes and voids , shelters, dome, foley・Megastructure・ Ramen structure ・ Wall structure Truss structure ・ Membrane structure ・ Tube structure ・ Suspended floor structure ・ Shell structure ・ Space frame ・ Organic structure ・Skeletal and muscle・ Concept: Domino system ・ Five principles of modern architecture ・ Raum plan ・Destale composition, Russian compositionism, etc ...

[F1] [F2] Light and shadow, light and dark, strong and weak , deep and shallow, dark and light, open and closed, outside and inside, real and imaginary, convection and passage, excursion, public space and private Space, private and common areas, public and private, external space and internal space , personal space, various rooms, large space, minimum space , wind and architecture, sound and architecture, onomatope, five-sensual space, physical Space / shared space / concept: homogeneous space, universal space, saved space, savant space, etc ...

■ White is a point of view that is often used in architectural design proposals

■ Gold is a possible point of view in architectural design proposals

Crossing element that crosses the point of view
着眼点を横断する横断要素 2

(6 constituent process elements [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F1] [F2]) × (point of view) allows you to determine the subject and answer other constituent process elements. However, it is not just a matter of selecting a favorite point of view for each component of the process. In order to give the proposal a logical wholeness, the cross-cutting elements (property) to be used in the subject must be provided. In addition, it is important to select a point of view that is compatible with the cross-cutting elements (selection of situations where the proposal becomes stronger). You can use multiple cross-cutting elements, and think of good or bad compatibility and think of stronger proposals.

[One-sided cross-cutting elements] Homogeneity, heterogeneity , regularity, irregularity, repetitiveness, diversity , contingency , obscureness, complexity, anonymity, regionality , vanacular , indigenous, and endemic・ Geographical ・ ・ Internationality ・ Immediately ・ Constructive ・ Planning ・ Unplannedness ・ Irrationality ・RationalitySystematic・ Inefficiency ・ Efficiency・ Unreality ・ Reality ・ Inevitability・ Probability ・ Universal Gender, peculiarity, extraordinaryness, everydayness, autonomy, irrationality, modernity , modernity, mechanical engineering, spontaneous unity, plane, three-dimensional , infinity, finiteness, spreadability, Maximum / minimum / unity

[Multi-faceted cross-cutting elements] Continuity , amplification, damping, discipline, immobility, ambiguity, ambiguity , inversion , mixture, impliedness , master-slave relationship , crossing, crossing, multi -layeredness, Repeatedness, contact, adhesion, dissociative confrontation, antinomy, neutrality, mediation, one-sidedness, dominance, morphology, unity

[Expressive cross-cutting elements] Narrative, design, message , doctrine, utopian, destopia, symbolism , object, symbolism, prototype, bilinguality, literal translation, variation, translationality, abstraction , Concrete, destructive, constructive

[Sensory crossing elements] Five sensibilities, physicality , religion, worship, distance , tension, discomfort, rhythm, dynamism, live feeling, rising feeling, floating feeling, intimidating feeling, monosilic

[Reference cross-cutting elements] Metaphorical, musical, field line, limited, unlimited, paradoxical, craft, pseudo, superficial, organistic, segmental, radical

■ White is a point of view that is often used in architectural design proposals

■ Gold is a possible point of view in architectural design proposals

Difference between subjective evaluation and objective evaluation

It has two aspects in evaluation, subjective and objective (six component process elements [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F1] [F2]), and is applied to each. It is indispensable to understand both properties and make a proposal when making a proposal for architectural design.

* In addition to the six component process elements [A], [B], [C], [D], [E], [F1], and [F2], the subjective evaluation is expressed as [1] and the subjective evaluation is expressed as [2]. do. EX, subjective evaluation of the theme = [A2]

[Subjective evaluation (suggestion)]

Sociality and publicity are indispensable for making original proposals more feasible and persuasive. It is important to always have an objective evaluation, not to love your proposal too much and to be alone. In particular, it is the basis of the evaluation axis of design tasks and master's research for undergraduate to graduate students, and it is logically constructed through analysis and survey, and my proposal is justified based on the language and background of architecture. It is important to go.

[Objective evaluation (proposal)]

The purpose of architectural design is to review old modern methods and spaces, and to think and study new modern methods and spaces for modern fluency and problems. It is indispensable to give the work the uniqueness and arbitrariness that expresses one's own values, which is the most interesting part of architectural design. In particular, it is the basis of the evaluation axis for architectural design issues in the first to third years of the undergraduate program, and it is important how to give it originality and novelty. In addition, it is an evaluation axis that is emphasized in graduation design and design competition.

​Evaluation criteria for theme / theme setting

A typical example is a work that solves social problems. Advocate the necessity and necessity of the design proposal and strengthen the original proposal. The point is whether the theme is logically and objectively constructed based on the necessary statistics and data. 80] The theme presented is not imposed by the architect, but is required to have high redundancy. When using the language of architecture, it is counterproductive if you do not understand the exact meaning and background of the language. The presentation plays an important role in connecting the parts and the whole. Express that your proposal has its own uniqueness (subject) but is logically structured as a whole.

[A2] Set up your own theme >>

Is the concept written ? [10 points]

Is the subject of the concept clear? [10 points]

Whether the concept is logically constructed. [10 points]

■ Whether the concept has an architectural explanation. [10 points]

■ Is the need for architectural proposals such as effects and advantages indicated? [10 points]

■ An explanation is given as to what kind of points the theme is the original proposal. [10 points]

Whether the proposal is strengthened with the statistics and data analyzed as needed. [20 points]

Whether you can clearly explain who the proposal is for [10 points]

Who is whether whether the advance is mainly are able to clearly explain [10 points]

★ Work Lieutenant

★ Viewpoint of architectural renewal

Is the update method shown? What is the difference between ordinary redevelopment?

□ Are there any incorrect data or typographical errors [-5 points]

□ Is the explanation common to non-architects? [-5 points]

* ■ Point addition item □ Origin item

* 100 points out of 100, 100 points if all are met.

設計提案プロセスの 客観的評価
設計提案プロセスの 主観的評価
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