National Kenkomi Architectural Design Institute
Architectural plan I
Architectural plan for each program (function)
-Architectural plan for each program (function)-
◆ Home automation (HA)
Introducing electronic equipment in a house to streamline and save labor in housework, receive various services while staying at home, and perform crime prevention and safety management.
Various automation techniques in large-scale factories and intelligent buildings (such as "indoor environment" control such as lighting and room temperature , "opening" control such as doors and windows , "security system " for crime prevention and fire prevention, etc.) are applied to houses. Is generally likened to "factory automation (FA)" or "office automation (OA)". : HA) ”. Lighting and air conditioning collective management of, the bath of the remote automatic hot water supply, other than the confirmation of security, it can be said that the in-home movie theater home theater control, ornamental plants automatic watering and to the pet is also included in the HA such as automatic feeding to, them It refers to a handheld unit such as an "integrated remote controller" for control, or a product with a user-friendly "user interface (UI)" that allows you to check and instruct the control status from a TV or personal computer. It used to be called an intelligent house or IT house, but in recent years it has been called an online house that emphasizes cooperation with the Internet. In the recently summarized them all " smart house is changing the name (or" smart house ")".
◆ Smart house
It is a concept of housing advocated in the United States in the 1980s, and aims to provide various services that meet the needs of consumers by connecting home appliances and equipment with computerized wiring and performing optimal control. .. Technically, it can be said that the house is equipped with home automation , but it is interpreted in various ways depending on the social needs of each age group, the motivation of the companies entering the house, and changes in the core information technology. The names have also changed to intelligent homes (IH) and multimedia homes in the 1990s, IT homes in the 2000s, and ubiquitous homes, but the basic concept is the same.
◆ Multi-story house
A house where the upper and lower floors are used as different dwelling units. Doorways and stairs are not shared.
◆ Flat type Housing
A dwelling unit format in which each dwelling unit is completed in one layer. Since each room is on the same plane, each room can be freely configured, but since each room is adjacent to each other, it is necessary to consider the design to ensure privacy. One dwelling unit fits in one layer.
◆ Maisonette type Housing
A dwelling unit type in which each dwelling unit is composed of two or more layers. The common passage area is small, and the privacy of each room is excellent, and various living spaces can be divided. By providing many openings, it is easy to secure lighting, ventilation, and sunshine. A staircase is required in the dwelling unit.
◆ Semi-maisonette type Housing
A dwelling unit type in which each room is staggered on each half floor. The combination of each room and the structural plan are complicated.
◆ Skip floor type Housing
A dwelling unit type with corridors on every 2nd and 3rd floor so that the elevator stops only on the floor with the corridor. Openings can be installed on both sides of the part without a corridor, which is suitable for high-rise houses with good ventilation and sunshine conditions. is necessary. 1 Since there is a step on the floor inside the dwelling unit, a staircase is required inside the dwelling unit. Suitable for slope houses.
◆ Terrace house
A low-rise continuous house with a garden in each dwelling unit. It has the advantage of an independent house in that it has a garden, but it is not very suitable for high-density development compared to other apartment types. The dwelling unit will be in maisonette format.
■ Courthouse A house that has an open space surrounded by buildings and walls to ensure privacy. A building or house with a courtyard (court, patio) surrounded by buildings and walls . The courtyard is completely shielded from the outside space, and while it is a private space, it is also a semi-outdoor space, and it is possible to secure lighting and ventilation. It is also a style that has merits in terms of crime prevention.
A low-rise apartment house that incorporates the good grounding property of a detached house into an apartment house. It can be constructed as a low-rise, high-density house with a higher degree of communalization in areas with strict height restrictions and shade restrictions. It is one of two types of apartments. In the building regulations, the general of the apartment is co-housing , townhouses tenement called.
◆ Living access type The living room of a dwelling unit is provided on the corridor side, and refers to the flow line that connects the entrance corridor to the living room and then to the private room. The advantage of the living access type is that every room goes through the living room where the family gathers. Therefore, there is a point that it becomes easier to communicate with the family. With this floor plan, we can expect to prevent the isolation of the family, such as the current lack of communication between parents and children, withdrawal, and school refusal.
【 housing complex 】
Condominiums and terrace houses. Ownership, not rent. Condominiums and condominiums. Since the 1980s, the number of Japanese who have condominiums in overseas resorts such as Hawaii has increased, and this term has come to be used.
◆ Cooperative house
An apartment house where people who want to build a house for their own residence gather, design with their own wishes, and manage the house through discussions. It is attracting attention as an economically available housing that makes the most of the tastes of the participants.
◆ Collective House
A community-oriented urban housing complex that incorporates communal living, such as creating a communal space between a private area and a public space, where multiple families can eat together, do household chores and raise children together. As the number of double-income households and single elderly people increases, it is expected that the tendency to seek such a lifestyle will increase in search of communalization and contact with child-rearing.
◆ Solar house
An energy-saving house that uses solar heat for air conditioning and hot water supply. Environmentally symbiotic housing (eco house)
In order to prevent global warming, the Ministry of Construction is promoting a plan to create a house that coexists with the environment, such as suppressing CO2, using solar heat, reusing rainwater, and planting on the roof.
◆ Passive. Solar house Among the systems that use solar heat to maintain a comfortable indoor climate, those that do not use mechanical devices such as pumps and heat collectors, but try to devise the structure, floor plan, direction, etc. of the building. It is attracting attention as an energy-saving house.
◆ Environmentally symbiotic housing (eco-house)
Environmentally symbiotic housing is a Japanese housing policy. It is a house and living environment that realizes a comfortable living environment after giving due consideration to the global environment and the surrounding environment. There are global problems such as global warming and waste / depletion of resources, traditional landscapes and unique living culture in the area, problems of disappearance of ecosystems, problems of retreat and disappearance of local communities, housing such as sick houses. There are various levels, such as problems that occur among the individuals who live there. In a general sense, environmentally symbiotic housing attempts to solve these modern environmental problems by devising the housing and the environment surrounding the housing (living environment).
◆ Industrialized housing
A house made by a social system in which industrially advanced technology is applied to its production and the technological rationality is effectively demonstrated. It is a house where the main parts are produced at the factory, and only assembled and installed at the site. It is a clear distinction from the traditional wooden frame construction method, where everything is done at the construction site, including wood processing. Rather, with the constant shortage of engineers, prefabricated housing was introduced to modernize housing production based on the idea that conventional traditional construction methods cannot meet future housing needs. It is.
◆ High-rise housing
Usually, the one on the 20th floor (60m) or higher is called. Effective use of land, creation of landscape symbols. It is built with the aim of providing a good view from the house.
◆ Century Housing System
The result of research carried out by the Ministry of Construction as part of the "Housing Function Advancement Project". The aim is to develop a housing design method that can withstand a comfortable residence for a longer period of time. A certified business to supply housing that allows you to live comfortably for a long period of time. CHS (century housing system ) housing can be considered as a CHS (century housing system) house if certain criteria are met, such as changing the size and layout of the room, replacing parts such as pipes without damaging the house, and using highly durable materials and structures. Certified and issued a certificate
◆ Tsukuba method
The building will be owned by the resident for 30 years after moving in and can be resold. After the 31st year, the landowner will buy the building and change it to a rental contract. At that time, the continuation of the resident's right to housing is guaranteed by law. After the 61st year, it will be changed to general market leasing. The building is clearly divided into the interior of the dwelling unit called the dedicated infill, such as the structural frame called the "skeleton" and the piping in the common area called the "shared infill". "Skeleton fixed lease" is a new housing supply method to build a durable "skeleton house" by applying "land lease right with special contract for building transfer" which is a kind of fixed-term land lease right. This will reduce housing prices and make it possible to popularize high-quality apartments in society.
◆ Single corridor type
A dwelling unit that has a shared corridor on one side and each dwelling unit faces it. It is difficult to ensure privacy because each dwelling unit is approached through a long corridor. Elevator utilization efficiency on each floor is high, making it suitable for high-rise apartment buildings.
◆ Middle corridor type
A house with a shared corridor in the middle, with each dwelling unit facing on both sides. Although it is possible to increase the density of the number of units on the site, it is difficult to secure ventilation and lighting in the central corridor and the part facing the corridor. The habitability of the aisle-side dwelling is poor.
◆ Staircase type
It is a form of approaching each dwelling unit from the staircase provided in the dwelling building, and since it is not necessary to go through a long corridor, privacy can be ensured, and it is excellent in terms of ventilation, daylighting, and sunshine. However, since only a few dwelling units can be used for one staircase or elevator, the utilization efficiency is poor. Suitable for middle-rise houses.
◆ Twin corridor type (twin corridor type)
The space between the two shared corridors is a stairwell from the ground, and the dwelling unit is in contact with the other side. Although it has some disadvantages regarding sunshine, it is suitable for high-rise housing.
◆ Centralized type
An elevator hall is provided in the center, and each dwelling unit faces it. It is suitable for high-rise houses, but it is difficult to get the lighting of stairs and elevator halls. Also, in an emergency, the flow lines are concentrated in the center, making evacuation planning difficult. It is difficult to ensure privacy, and the sunshine conditions vary depending on each dwelling unit.
◆ Triplex type
A dwelling unit type in which one house consists of three layers. Privacy can be ensured and the passage area can be saved, but it is difficult to plan an evacuation route and a large area of dwelling units is required.
◆ Finger type
A type in which buildings are arranged like a human finger. Although it is rich in ventilation and daylight, there are many passages, which is uneconomical and simplifies the space, resulting in a tasteless and dry building.
◆ City residence
It is an attempt to return the residential location to the city center in order to eliminate the hollowing out of the city and long-distance commuting. A new urban condominium supply system will be established, and subsidies for project costs from the national government and the capital, and preferential treatment for taxes and loans will be provided for condominiums with a site area of 300 or more (10 or more units in principle).
◆ Arena type
A hall where the audience seats surround the stage cf. Suntory Hall
Arena, stand (inclination is staircase -shaped auditorium in) is surrounded by an all-around or nearly the entire circumference, arena , stadium , theater , such as facilities . Also with Arena. Original meaning of the arena of Latin is " sand in", from which "flow blood turned to the meaning of the arena, which was sprinkled sand to absorb", further, such arena is provided Amphitheater ( ancient Rome It turned to the meaning of a facility like (Amphitheater).
◆ Shoe box type
The stage in front of the audience seats is box-shaped. The traditional form of a concert hall. The shape of the box that holds the shoes, that is, the shape of the rectangular parallelepiped, is called the shoe box type. Typical examples are the Wiener Musikverein Grand Hall and the Concertgebouw. An example of Japan is The Symphony Hall in Osaka, where the audience seats surround the four sides of the stage.
◆ Adapterable Theater
A theater that can create several different stage spaces in one theater. What you perform can create the most suitable space, but it is functionally complicated.
◆ Repertory Theater
A theater that has its own theater company and performs one after another in the repertoire
◆ Adapterable stage
What can create several different stage spaces in one theater. You can create a space that is most suitable for the performance event and production method. A form that is preferred by theaters with experimental elements. A theater that changes the relationship between the stage and the audience according to various needs.
◆ Open stage
The stage and the audience seats are placed in the same space, the capacity is large, and the feeling of closeness between the stage and the audience seats is extremely high.
◆ Proscenium Stage
The audience sees the stage from one side through the proscenium, and various stage mechanisms can be installed in the invisible part of the audience, and it is possible to create an elaborate stage and switch to it according to the scene.
◆ Long Theater
Since one work is performed for a long period of time, it is possible to make a drastic investment, and it is possible to make a major remodeling of the theater including a part of the audience seats or to create a special theater. cf. Cats Theater
◆ Site line (visible line)
A line where you can see the stage and screen from between the heads of the audience in the first row without being blocked by the audience in the second row.
◆ Sightline plane (visible line)
Plane: The angle of spread is within 100 degrees with respect to the curtain line of the stage opening. View angle: It is said that the range of familiarity and appropriate angle is between 30 and 60 degrees of view.
◆ Ceiling spot
The floodlight room above the ceiling of the audience seats in the theater. It is called the first sealing spot in order from the front.
A space adjacent to the main stage. It is a space necessary for scene conversion.
◆ Horizont (Cyclorama)
In the theater, a semi-cylindrical fishing curtain behind the stage creates an outdoor feel and enhances the lighting effect.
◆ Follow spot
Audience ceiling, rearmost or top floodlight behind the audience seats.
The part that operates the stage background and props in the theater.
◆ Floating clouds
A reflector suspended from the ceiling to reduce the delay of the initial reflected sound with respect to the direct sound in a music room with a large room volume and a high ceiling.
◆ Fly loft
Storage place for hanging objects (curtains and tools are hung). Stage lighting equipment is also included so that it cannot be seen from the audience seats.
◆ Open plan school
It is a movement to open closed school facilities to the community in order to make standardized education diverse. Or a school designed around a large space where the walls of the classroom can be removed and various learning activities can be carried out at the same time.
◆ cf. Ipurinro Elementary School The space is divided so that several groups can work in a wide variety of ways, and each is characterized by finish, scale, color, etc. Space will be provided for inside and outside with a cover, and furniture of various dimensions and shapes will be considered from the planning stage. We will provide education according to individual abilities without having a fixed grade or class. "
◆ Comprehensive classroom type
All departments are conducted in HR, and students do not have to move from one classroom to another. All you need is a classroom equal to the number of classes. A method suitable for the lower grades of elementary school.
◆ Special classroom type
A method in which ordinary subjects are conducted in ordinary classrooms, and special subjects are provided in special classrooms. This is the most common method in Japan, where students can have specialized classrooms. When setting up in an elementary school, special classrooms should consider the connection with the upper grades rather than the lower grades.
◆ Subject classroom type
A method in which all subjects are conducted in a specialized classroom. Students have to move by subject, but the utilization rate is high. Classrooms can be divided into blocks according to series, and related subject classrooms can be set up for each block to improve utilization efficiency, but independence is weak. Suitable for high school.
◆ Platoon type
All classes are divided into two groups, and while one group is using the regular classroom, the other group is using the special classroom and alternates at regular intervals. The highest utilization rate. Suitable for junior high school and high school.
◆ Team teaching
Multiple teachers form a team and see dozens or hundreds of groups. Classes are shared by multiple teachers. Teachers are in charge of subjects that match their abilities. It differs from the subject teacher system in that children are not tied to fixed classes. Groups are reorganized into large, medium and small groups on behalf of the class. Time is not fixed uniformly and can be expanded and contracted freely.
◆ Finger type
A method of eliminating buildings in parallel like a human finger. It is healthy considering the quality of the space from the viewpoint of ventilation and daylighting. There are many passages, which is uneconomical and the usage of the site is low. The space becomes uniform and is criticized as a tasteless and dry product without human moisture.
◆ Office ◆ Atrium
A large space with a Roman courtyard and a courtyard. Currently, it refers to a large-scale interior space such as a courtyard surrounded by buildings and a stairwell. In high-rise office buildings and hotels, plants and ponds are used, and the roofs and walls are covered with glass to create an artificial natural environment, creating a courtyard-like space. Example) Shinjuku NS Building
◆ Office landscape
A step forward in the open type concept of office layout. One of the ideas proposed to improve the environment of office spaces, the design emphasizes the indoor environment such as the amenity zone. The purpose is to create an efficient office space while maintaining appropriate privacy by using partitions, furniture, plants, etc. without using fixed partitions.
◆ Interior landscape
A design method that considers the interior of an office or hotel as a kind of landscaping place and measures the harmony between man-made and nature. The idea is to bring greenery to the central part of the city and moisturize the information-oriented society.
◆ Aroma control
An incense element added to the equipment of the office environment. Control the quality and concentration of incense in combination with other environmental factors.
◆ Flecked Factory
The factories are stacked to form an apartment-like structure, equipped with a large elevator so that cars can go directly to the factories on the upper floors.
◆ Office automation
Abbreviation for OA. Install information devices such as computers, word processors, facsimiles, and digital exchanges in the office to automate and streamline paperwork.
◆ Satellite office
A work style that allows you to work without having to commute to the head office every day by creating an office with OA equipment such as a personal computer installed in terminals around the city. The purpose is to be close to work and residence, but the purpose is to hygienically disperse office functions in the city center to the suburbs to reduce costs.
◆ Intelligent building
The building is pre-equipped with information and communication functions, and tenants only need to prepare terminals. A building equipped with various facilities and services so that people working in the office can carry out their work efficiently by using OA equipment and advanced information and communication services in a comfortable and attractive living environment. Architecturally, these OA (office automation), communication systems, and even BA (building automation) are used to design spaces that take flexibility, indoor environment, and amenities into consideration, and to respond to the information-oriented society. A space design that includes and can be used efficiently is desired.
A method of producing, processing, and assembling parts at a factory before assembling a building on site. Features include shortening the construction period, improving the accuracy and performance of buildings, reducing costs, and eliminating the need for skilled engineers.
◆ Rentable ratio
The ratio of the total floor area of the rental room to the total floor area of the rental building. Represents the area ratio of the profitable portion that can be lent. Rental buildings include room rentals, floor rentals, and hall rentals, and the rentable ratio varies depending on the type. Generally about 70%.
◆ Closed system
One of the industrialization methods of construction, a method of standardizing and industrializing the entire building of a specific type as one product, and mass-producing parts in it. Mass production of the same type such as prefabricated houses is effective, but it is difficult to apply it to different types.
◆ Open system
One of the industrialization methods of architecture, each part of the building is produced as an independent product, and the building is built by combining them. It has compatibility and freedom of combination of building constituent materials, and can measure the standardization of constituent materials and their mass production.
◆ Curtain wall
It was made possible by the development of structural technology in modern architecture, and the outer wall of the building is released from supporting the load and is provided as a thin wall on the entire surface of the framework that supports the load. It can be fitted with glass, shortening the construction period and producing at the factory. However, it can be said that it is a kind of closed system because it is often made to order for each building.
【 welfare facility 】
◆ Welfare facility for the elderly
"Welfare measures for the elderly through facilities to enter or use facilities to support their lives when elderly people are unable to live independently at home.
・ Admission-type facilities Special elderly nursing homes Nursing homes Low-cost nursing homes Paid nursing homes Silver housing ・ Use-type facilities Elderly day service center Elderly welfare center Elderly resting homes "
◆ Admission facility care service
A service that is targeted as a home care service and is provided to the elderly at in-house welfare facilities for the elderly. Currently, in Japan, there are entrance facilities other than the entrance-type welfare facilities for the elderly and the welfare facilities for the elderly, which are stipulated in the Act on Social Welfare for the Elderly.
◆ Nursing home
A small private hospital, medical and welfare home for the elderly. A medical facility for the elderly who needs intensive care and nursing.
◆ Special nursing home for the elderly
A social welfare facility for "elderly people who need constant long-term care". Since it is not recognized as a medical facility, medical care and nursing care are inadequate. A welfare facility that accepts elderly people aged 65 and over (bedridden elderly people and demented elderly people) who need constant care due to severe physical and mental disabilities and who have difficulty in caring for them at home.
◆ Light-cost home for the elderly
For elderly people without significant physical and mental disabilities, unlike other elderly homes, the fee is fixed at a contract facility that is directly contracted by the facility manager and applicants. While special elderly nursing homes and nursing homes are decided by administrative authority, low-cost elderly homes are facilities where admission is decided by a direct contract between the resident and the facility manager. Low-income elderly people who have difficulty living at home due to housing conditions, family environment, etc.
Type A: Meal service is provided
B type: Self-catering is a prerequisite Care house: A type that is close to A type and has improved housing properties. "
◆ Nursing home for the elderly
The target is "elderly people who have difficulty adapting to daily life due to mental and physical dysfunction", but the capacity is decreasing due to the low level of facilities. Existence between profit and special nursing. A facility that accommodates persons aged 65 and over who are difficult to defend at home due to physical or mental disabilities or environmental reasons (housing conditions, relationships with family members). However, the economic reason of low income is necessary.
◆ Serviced house (care house)
For elderly people who have a decline in mental and physical functions to the extent that they cannot cook for themselves, or who are anxious about living independently due to old age. Residential and welfare services designed for the elderly are organically designed so that those who need assistance with some personal or life-related movements in their daily lives can lead an independent life in the community. A new combined housing system.
◆ Paid nursing home
It is a private business for the elderly and is defined in Article 29 of the Act on Social Welfare for the Elderly as not a welfare facility for the elderly. It is a serviced residential facility mainly for healthy elderly people. A private facility where healthy elderly people aged 65 and over can enter and receive meals and daily services. You can pay a fixed amount at the time of admission and receive whole life care in a dedicated room. Admission facilities not stipulated in the Act on Social Welfare for the Elderly.
◆ Long-Term Care Health Facility
A place for rehabilitation and long-term care for elderly people who have been in the hospital for a long time to be admitted for a short period of time to return to their homes.
◆ Home service for the elderly
Services centered on long-term care and housework assistance provided to the elderly and disabled who live at home.
◆ Senior housing
It is a public housing different from Silver Housing and Silver Pier, and the rent is paid in a lump sum when moving in. It is equipped with related facility services that support the lives of the elderly with equipment specifications that match the living characteristics of the elderly.
◆ Silver housing
It is a public rental housing for "households only for the elderly who are healthy and independent" and is implemented by the Ministry of Construction and the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The house is designed with consideration for the elderly, and life support advisors provide welfare services such as life consultation and emergency response.
◆ Silver pier
The name of a new type of housing complex for the elderly in Tokyo. It is almost the same as the silver housing, but it differs in that it is not only directly constructed by the public but also includes privately rented ones, and it is obligatory to have a home service center for the elderly in close proximity to or annexed. Opportunities such as meal services, bathing services, hobbies and purpose-of-life activities can be obtained.
◆ Welfare measures for the elderly at home
Broadly defined: Welfare measures for the elderly at home or in the community.
Narrow sense: A service that supports the lives of elderly caregivers and their families. "
◆ Day service business
A service that entrusts elderly people with disabilities to a day service center that is attached to or independently installed in a nursing home, etc. only during the daytime. The goal is to maintain the mental and physical functions of the elderly and reduce the burden on the family by providing training on meals, bathing, activities of daily living, recreation, and lifestyle guidance.
◆ Home helper dispatch business
Nursing care services such as bathing care and physical hair washing are dispatched when a care service is needed at home, such as an elderly person who has a physical or mental disability and cannot carry out daily life. A business that provides household chores such as cooking, washing clothes, and cleaning.
◆ ADA method
It was established in the United States in 1990. All buildings must be easy to use for the elderly and disabled.
The idea is that people with disabilities and the elderly can participate in society and live equally, just like ordinary people.
◆ Welfare Center for the Elderly
A facility where local elderly people can live a bright and healthy life through recreation in response to various consultations.
◆ Ageless house
"Ageless House" of Osaka Prefectural Housing Corporation and "Ageless House" of Osaka Prefectural Housing Corporation are trying to respond to the decline of mental and physical functions of residents to some extent from the hard side of housing. ..
◆ Geriatric Hospital
Hospitals that mainly admit elderly patients with chronic illnesses, and hospitals that have received special administrative permission and hospitals that have an average of 60% or more of the inpatients on the previous year.
◆ Elderly care center
A 24-hour center where families who are caring for the elderly at home can receive consultations and guidance regarding long-term care and receive necessary services without visiting the municipal office.
◆ Home help for the elderly
A service that is central to community-based welfare measures aimed at caring for the elderly at home. Mainly home helpers. Measures that are indispensable for elderly people living alone, bedridden elderly people, and demented elderly people.
◆ Home-visit nursing system for the elderly
In order to ensure the quality of life of the elderly who are bedridden at home, visit from the long-term care station, wipe the body, treat bedsores, and provide family guidance for rehabilitation.
In German, it means a recreation center or treatment center that uses hot springs.
Basically, a facility where terminally ill patients such as cancer enter. A facility for the rest of your life, not for treatment.
◆ Barrier-free design
Creating an environment that removes barriers and obstacles so that people with disabilities and the elderly can act freely.
Residential floors with no steps, toilets and baths with handrails, wide corridors so that they can be moved by wheelchairs Not only are there no physical obstacles, but also mentally for people with disabilities and the elderly to participate in society. It is also intended that there are no "barriers" "
◆ Universal design
Incorporate consideration for persons with disabilities in advance in the design, and design healthy persons and persons with disabilities as one. It is not a "subtraction design" that assumes that there is a barrier in society, but an "addition design" that eliminates the barrier from the beginning. cf. Telephone card notch
◆ Medical social worker
A worker who rescues various problems in the lives of the sick in medical and insurance institutions. It is expected to promote cooperation between medical care and welfare.
◆ Heart Building Method
A law that encourages barrier-free design in highly public buildings.
◆ Welfare environment maintenance standards
It is a certain standard for improving buildings and urban facilities so that they can be used by people with disabilities, but the scale of use of the target buildings is limited. Everything from the minimum standard to the ideal is written at the same level. The same criteria apply regardless of the scale of use. The working person is not considered. There are problems such as lack of consideration for evacuation in an emergency. "
◆ Social welfare facilities
Following the narrow definition of social welfare, it refers to a facility positioned by laws such as the Public Assistance Act, the Elderly Welfare Act, the Welfare Act for the Physically Handicapped, the Child Welfare Act, the Welfare Act for the Mentally Debilitated, and the Maternal and Child Welfare Act.
◆ National housing survey
The housing statistics survey is an objective view of the housing situation (Statistics Bureau, General Affairs Agency). The housing demand survey is a subjective view of housing conditions (Housing Bureau, Ministry of Construction).
Three major legislations related to housing policy
◆ Government Housing Loan Corporation Law (S.25) Assistance for Private Housing Public Housing Law (S.26) The national and local governments will work together to build housing for the purpose of low-wage housing for low-income societies.
Housing and Urban Development Corporation Law (S.30) Considering the housing problem on an administrative basis, introduce private funds to supply low-rent housing. "
Ages 65-74 are early-stage elderly, and ages 75 and over are late-stage elderly. An aging society is when the elderly make up 7% of the total population, and an aging society is when the elderly make up 14% of the total population.
◆ Population aging
The proportion of the population aged 65 and over will increase in the total population.
◆ Short stay
An elderly person in need of long-term care stays in a special nursing home for the elderly for a short period of about one week. Caregivers such as bedridden elderly people take over care for illness, ceremonial occasions, tiredness of care, and rest.
◆ Gold plan
Elderly insurance welfare promotion 10-year strategy. The basic plan of the insurance and welfare country to be developed during this century. Development of "Zero Sleeping Elderly Strategy".
◆ Netakiri old man
An old man who stays asleep and stays on the floor due to physical and mental dysfunction.
◆ Nursing care leave system
A system that allows workers with sick parents to take a leave of absence for a certain period of time for long-term care.
◆ Welfare pension Public pension system for private office workers. As a general rule, all people working for a company, including those under the age of 20, join until the age of 64.
Only a husband aged 65 and over and a wife aged 60 and over, or one of them, are living alone, with children under the age of 18 and a class household.
◆ National pension
A pension system for all citizens. The basic pension for each old age, disability, and bereaved family is paid when the elderly, disabled due to illness or serious injury, or the death of a family worker.
【 social welfare 】
It refers to social services and lateral assistance aimed at improving functions and social relationships as members of society at the level of individuals, groups, local communities, and society as a whole. Specifically, to provide certain goods and human services to develop, restore, and reinforce the abilities necessary for children, mothers and children, the elderly, and persons with disabilities to lead a stable social life.
◆ Zero sleepy old man strategy
One of the pillars of the 10-year strategy for promoting elderly insurance and welfare. It aims to promote facilities aimed at preventing bedridden elderly people and reducing their numbers.
◆ Demented elderly
People who have difficulty in living independently due to intellectual disability in old age.
◆ Welfare Corporation
Paid service provision business. Musashino City Welfare Corporation, Tokyo is the first. It is also called "buying welfare".
◆ Elderly people requiring long-term care
Elderly people who need the care of others.
◆ Home helper dispatch business
Nursing care services such as bathing care and physical hair washing are dispatched when a care service is needed at home, such as an elderly person who has a physical or mental disability and cannot carry out daily life. A business that provides household chores such as cooking, washing clothes, and cleaning.
◆ Night care
Night version of day care. A facility that keeps elderly people with dementia from the evening to the morning.
◆ Halfway house
A facility where disabled people and elderly people who have completed treatment and training at hospitals receive preliminary training to return to their daily lives.
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