National Kenkomi Architectural Design Institute
World Architectural History III
Diverse society (architect-centered architecture)
Postmodernist architecture Deconstructivist architecture Reductionist architecture
～ The beginning of the 4th architecture ～
Chapter 6 Gradualism Reo Tanishige (Graduate School, The University of Tokyo)
"Another modernist architecture ". Modernism architectural reconsideration in words that shows the trend of strongly with the modern architecture of Japan side that, Toyo Ito , Jun Aoki , Ryue Nishizawa, Yokomizomakoto, Sou Fujimoto, Shuhei et al Endo, from veteran mid-sized to a wide range, up to the young It extends. Speaking of criticism of modernism, it used to be a proprietary patent for postmodernism , but in the case of postmodernism, perhaps due to the strong influence of late capitalism, it is a decorative and speedy design that breaks away from austere modernism. While there was a strong tendency to aim for, in the case of alternative modernism, there is a strong tendency to reconsider the design from the fundamental elements such as walls, pillars, floors, and roofs. The tendency to emphasize curved and curved structures for linear modernism, while actively trying to utilize the new images created by CAD , at the same time reinterpreting traditional styles such as Baroque and Art Nouveau. You can also see the sides.
In 2005, another possible modernist architecture. At the continuous symposium "Alternative Modern" organized by TN Probe, a gallery dealing with architectural and urban issues, unlike postmodernism, which was all about transforming modernism, the fundamental elements such as walls, pillars, floors, and roofs were used. I went back and took up the trend of reconstructing architectural design. For example, Toyo Ito (1941-), Ryue Nishizawa (1966-), Makoto Yokomizo (1962-), or Sou Fujimoto who participated in the "New Geometry Architecture" exhibition (KPO Kirin Plaza Osaka, 2006). (1971 ~) and Shuhei Endo (1960 ~). If the old geometry gives architecture a clear order, the new geometry realizes a complex space with simple rules. Alternative Modern creates a variety of fields with circles, rectangles, and continuous curves with a single stroke.
◆◆ Toyo Ito If you eliminate the elements of architecture, architecture is the most beautiful when there are no humans. Instead, I think that modern architects have lost the sense of architecture that "it is more beautiful and fun to have humans."
◆◆ Jun Aoki "Diversity" means that there is a prototype and its transformation, but it seems that the true "diversity" is not-the world around us is diverse, ambiguous, and complicated. Isn't it possible to express the complicated things in architecture without abstracting them?
◆◆ Sou Fujimoto I think my hobby now is toward the “quality of place” that is characterized by something like a form of architecture. ─ In other words, I am thinking about things that are related to the comfort of each individual place, such as the composition of the architecture and the relationship with the next room.
◆◆ Ryue Nishizawa One of the important things when building architecture is to make "potential" a reality. I'm making architecture, but more than that, I'm making possibilities.
◆◆ Future Systems
■ Grass and glass house
Malator is a home in Druidston, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Built in 1998, it was designed by architect Future Systems for former MP of Medway, Bob Marshall Andrews QC, and his wife Gil Marshall Andrews. Malator is an earth house overlooking St Brides Bay, locally known as the Teletubby House.
■ Hanover World's Fair Holland Pavilion
■ Eden Project
It is a huge complex environmental facility in Cornwall, England. The project is located 2 kilometers (1.25 miles) from the town of St. Blazey and 5 kilometers (3 miles) from the slightly larger town of St Austell, where it was originally a kaolinite mining area. positioned.
The Eden Project, which is open to the public, has become one of the tourist destinations in the United Kingdom. The structure of the facility is made up of a combination of hexagons and pentagons, and these hexagons are transparent, cushion-like walls made of ETFE (ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene) material, which is a natural environment called biome. It creates a dome-shaped botanical garden that imitates the environment. Various plants collected from all over the world are cultivated in these biomes. The first biome creates a tropical environment, while the other biomes artificially create the warm climate of the Mediterranean.
◆◆ Edouard Francois
■ California Academy of Sciences
Surrounded by a large bowl of plants, this building looks like a tree, and is a social housing named Tower Flower. The work was done by French architect Edouard Francois. This tower flower is located in a district called Zac de la porte d'Asnieres. "The tower flower, located in front of the lush park, is a vertical extension of the green space.
Huge potted plants on the balcony are reminiscent of traditional Parisian gardening culture. The system for supplying water to huge pots is to add fertilizer to the water in an underground storage tank and pump it to the balcony. With the autonomous system, you can enjoy the bamboo wall decoration that does not change throughout the year. The designer, Edouard François, is an advocate of environmentally friendly architectural development, and is active not only in architecture but also in urban planning and landscape design.
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