French city planner and architect . Activities centered on his hometown of Lyon. Known for presenting the modern city planning theory "industrial city". My parents are silk textile craftsmen. He has been with the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for 10 years with an age limit. During this time, many competitions sponsored by the Academy Association have been awarded. Perhaps due to the influence of the historical background, his architectural ideas tend to be quite socialist. At the age of 30, he won the long- awaited Prix de Rome for the task design of the National Bank. As a benefit student, get the right to study abroad in Rome , Italy. After spending five years in Rome, the Futurists were already emerging in Italy at the time, and instead of doing the tasks that Bozar was looking for, he devised a concept of modern architecture and an "industrial city". In other words, it will create the prototype of an industrial city during the Roman benefit era. Announced in Paris and becomes a riot. Le Corbusier was the first to appreciate the plans that influenced today's modern urban planning , with its concrete structures, and visited Garnier in 1907, where hundreds of years of architecture were built in France. It was described as the result of the culmination. Returned to Japan in 1904. Returned to Lyon and opened an architectural design office. Leaves many architectural works in Lyon. In addition, the atelier has produced a number of city planning qualification holders and as many as five Prix de Rome winners. In 1917, at the age of 48, he published his book "Une cité industrielle (industrial city), etude pour la construction villes". The "industrial city" depicted in the book assumes that the site is a fictitious place, the population is set to 35,000, and the city consisting of factories where people work and houses and living facilities where people live is colored. Bird's-eye view , drawings, and perspective buildings are also drawn, and it is very beautifully finished. A modern city that supports urban functions that are separated and arranged as an urban structure, such as a circulation system for transportation infrastructure consisting of highways connecting cities, highways intersecting at interchanges , and railroads, and port facilities installed along the coast. All the facilities and spaces to be provided are used as components, and they are arranged in consideration of their respective functions and environments, and the future city image is proposed.
In 1919, he announced and published Les grands travaux de la ville de Lyon, a major project of the city of Lyon. In 1920, the then mayor of Lyon and socialist Edouard Herriot asked him to develop land in the Des Etats-Unis area. In this way, we will work on the actual "industrial city".
In 1934, Garnier's city planning for Les Zetajuni is completed.
He fell ill around 1938 and went to bed for about 10 years. 1948 Eternal sleep.
1974-Heisei era architect.
Born April 10, 1974. After completing the master's course at Tokyo University of the Arts, he worked for Kazuyo Sejima Architects and established Junya Ishigami Architects in 2004. In 2009, he received the AIJ Prize for Work at the KAIT Studio of Kanagawa Institute of Technology. 22 years architecture-as- air ( air the Venice Biennale International Architecture Exhibition Golden Lion Award at the Architecture as) award . Born in Kanagawa prefecture. Graduated from Musashi Institute of Technology.
~ Related architectural ideas ~