Bruno Taut Bruno Julius Florian Taut
Bruno Taut is an architect and urban planner born in Königsberg, East Prussia , Germany . The Iron Memorial Tower ( 1913 ) and the Glass House ( 1914 ) are praised and known as expressionist architects. In 1933, when he was looking for a place to stay abroad to escape the persecution of the Nazis , he accepted an invitation from the Japan International Architectural Association led by Isaburo Ueno in the previous year, and came to Japan in 1933 and stayed there for three and a half years. Since he could not get a job of architectural design in Japan, he moved to another place at the invitation of the Turkish government and died there in 1938.
[Iron Memorial Tower / Iron Monument]
In 1913, he presented the "Iron Memorial Tower" at the Leipzig International Architectural Expo, and is known as a representative work of expressionism. A sphere is placed on the four-tiered pyramid to emphasize the elegant expression that the material of iron can come out as a whole.
In 1914, he exhibited "The House of Glass" at the exhibition of the Deutscher Werkbund in Cologne , and "Glass Pavilion (Glass House)" is regarded as a representative work of expressionism. A dome with various colors of glass inlaid in a mosaic is placed on a high pedestal. Climb the stairs while bathing in the light that passes through the glass block. Its expressiveness and finishing technique are close to those of Art Nouveau glass crafts.
Drafted in 1918 and published the following year, the book "Alps Architecture" is an image of an unrealizable building ( Utopian concept of building a crystal architecture in the mountains of the Alps , Nietzsche 's "Thus Spoke Zarathu" It is known to be influenced by the scene of descending mountains. "Alpine architecture is a magnificent architectural plan announced by Tout in 1919. A big dream to build a crystal cathedral in the mountaintops and valleys of the Alps. It is a vision that shows his true value as an expressionist architect . Of course, the dream that he wrote while understanding well that it is impossible to realize in terms of scale and practicability. When he was young, he was quite confused about whether to go on the path of painting or to become an architect.
He colored the Magdeburg City Hall and the apartments on Ottorichter Street, insisting that all the buildings had to be colored. Furthermore, during this Magdeburg era, he published "Akira" and "Dismantling of the City", especially the latter, which was widely read worldwide and was also favored by separatist architects in Japan. Bruno Taut's architecture is wonderfully colored. Wall also window also, all the architectural elements are features to the axis of the color, they are while being illuminated by sunlight, us just like in one of the organic body, show always different aspects.
Taut then returned to Berlin in 1924 to become the chief architect of the Housing Supply Corporation Gehak. At that time, Germany was defeated in World War I and paid compensation for making various industrial products. Because of this, the workers were working in a harsh environment, and the workers' housing in Berlin was like a prison. During this period, Taut, as the chief architect, focused on the construction of the Zeedlung ( apartment housing ) in consideration of the health of the workers, and designed 12,000 Siedolung units between 1924 and 1932. Taut received international acclaim for his work with Blitz 's Zeedlung since 1924. Among the buildings designed by Taut during this period, Schillerpark's Zeedlung , Berlin's Blitz's horseshoe-shaped housing and Karl Legine's residential city were World Heritage Sites (cultural heritage) in 2008 as part of the Berlin Modernism Housing Estates. It is registered in.
・ Horseshoes Colony Schiller Park Weise Stadt Growth Horseshoes Colony Blitz Gartenstadt Falkenberg
~ Related architectural ideas ~