National Kenkomi Architectural Design Institute
Concept of basic elements of architecture
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Zenkoku Kenkomi .JAPAN
Graduated from Paris Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He received the Aga Khan Award in 1989, the Praemium Imperiale Takamatsu Memorial World Culture Award in 2001, the Pritzker Prize in 2008, and many other awards related to architecture. In 2005, a large-scale solo exhibition was held at the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Denmark. It was in the limelight in the design of " Arab World Institute" in 1987. Glass building by the customer, " Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art ", such as the presence of the building by reflection and transmission of light of the glass surface disappears "transparent architecture" and as, of various types of glass to use unique He makes many architectures that create a strong presence.
Jean Nouvel Interview: Architecture is Listening
The Arab World Institute is a research institute located in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. It is located between the Seine and the Jushu campus, which is lined with modern buildings. The side facing the Seine draws a gentle curve according to the flow of the river , softening the angular impression when viewed from the Sully Bridge. The other side is straight . Here is facing the square, the wall is attached to an aluminum panel of 240 sheets in addition to the glass. The panel is equipped with a mechanism such as the aperture of a camera , which automatically adjusts the lighting by opening and closing. This is inspired by the window decorations called mashrabiya found in Arab architecture. It combines the traditional Parisian landscape with traditional Arab designs and the latest technology. In 1989, he received the Aga Khan Architectural Award for outstanding contemporary architecture that embodies Islamic culture.
Jean Nouvel Institut du monde arabe Arab World Institute Jean Nouvel
[Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art 1994 ]
The above-ground part of the building, which has 7 floors above ground, a rooftop floor, and 7 floors below ground, is entirely covered with glass. The exhibition space is on the 1st basement floor and the 1st floor above ground, and the 2nd floor and above are offices. The total exhibition space is 1,200 square meters. There are no stairs inside the building, and access to each floor is provided by three glass elevators inside the building. Two stairs are arranged along the outer wall of the back. As a whole, it is designed without decoration.
The glass wall that separates the site from the road, which is the structure that characterizes this facility, is a glimpse for those who walk casually, paying attention only to the glass wall, and it is difficult to notice the garden and the building behind it. It is worth noting that it is not a façade-like façade. In the basic design Jean Nouvel was inspired by the Lebanese cedar planted by Francois-Rene de Chateaubrian. Focusing on the fact that this tree stands away from the street, the building should also be kept away from the street. The wall is 8 meters high, and a chestnut tree stands in the center of the front yard, which is 12 meters deep to the building itself. The walls are not built independently, but are connected to the company building by horizontal pillars extending from two levels high on the wall to support them so that they will not fall over. The glass wall that separates the building from the road also created a secondary effect of soundproofing.
The garden surrounding the building is the contemporary artist Lothar Baumgarten. Designed by, it is called "Botanical Theater". The artist created this garden, which covers the entire site, not as a simple outdoor environment attached to the building, but as a self-made botanical theater. Created in response to Nouvelle's architecture, the garden adds some vegetation to the existing vegetation on the premises, with a winding road in between, leading to the outer staircase on the back of the building. This garden is said to be the image of a medieval monastery garden. At the behest of the author, the Cartier Foundation has not made any additions or deletions to the garden since its completion. The role of the architect is to leave all the changes in the garden, including plants, to the mercy of nature, and to take the time to appreciate the growth and decline as a work, and to play a role in the total image of the garden. The impression of this garden would not be possible without the architect Jean Nouvelle's device for interpreting the environment of light and material , and the signs evoked by it give meaning to Baumgarten's garden.
[Lucerne Culture and Congress Center (KKL) 1999 ]
The Lucerne Culture and Congress Center is a cultural complex located in Lucerne, central Switzerland, adjacent to the Lucerne Railway Station. The concert hall in the Lucerne Culture and Congress Center (KKL) will be the main venue for the Lucerne Festival (Lucerne Music Festival), which brings together world-class orchestras, conductors and performers. In addition to the concert hall, it is equipped with facilities such as the Lucerne Hall and Auditorium that can accommodate meetings and conventions of various sizes. The Lucerne Museum of Art is also located in KKL, and in addition to a collection centered on the works of Swiss artists from the Renaissance to the present, a number of special exhibitions are held. KKL was designed by the famous French architect Jean Nouvel. The building is built on the shores of Lake Lucerne, and a part of the eaves of the huge eaves extends above the lake. When looking at the lake from the foyer of a restaurant or theater, this huge eave cuts the direct light . Two waterways drawn from Lake Lucerne serve to divide the KKL building into three sections: the Concert Hall, the Lucerne Hall and the Lucerne Museum.
[Dentsu Headquarters Building 2002 ]
It is located on the east side of the Shiodome redevelopment area, and faces the Hamarikyu Gardens on the south side. Dentsu, a major advertising agency, has its headquarters function, and there are restaurants and theaters in the lower and upper floors. Construction began in the fall of 1999 to consolidate the functions of the head office that had been dispersed in Tsukiji, Ginza, and Sacred Road Ka Garden, and it took about three years to complete on November 1, 2002. The office building was designed by French architect Jean Nouvel , and the commercial facility was designed by American architect Jon Jerde.
A boomerang-shaped cross section with a curved surface on the south side facing the Hamarikyu Gardens was adopted so that the surrounding landscape and about 6,000 employees working in the building could see the waterfront. The south side has a gradation from white to gray from east to west, and the west corner is colored white. Regarding the landscape balance with Hamarikyu Gardens, the Agency for Cultural Affairs said, "Hamarikyu is originally a garden for seeing the sea, and the function of Hamarikyu will not be impaired by building a building on the side with the sea in the back." Shows the view of. The elevator facing the outer wall of the Dentsu head office is a high-speed shuttle elevator that stops at the entrance hall on the 1st floor, the 4th floor, the 14th floor, the 25th floor, and the 36th floor (5 on the left are Toshiba) in order to keep the average waiting time in about 30 seconds. A dual elevator system that combines a local elevator that operates at medium speed and a local elevator that operates at medium speed was adopted, and it was the fastest one in the world at the time of construction. There is an anecdote that the speed was slowed down.
In addition, the taxi pool in the head office building was designed and constructed for right-hand traffic due to the lack of study by French architect Jean Nouvel , and many employees get on and off the road in front of the building and pass around. I'm buying a taxi from a driver who does. Jean Nouvel himself does not want to be published as his own work , partly because there was a conflict of opinion with the Dentsu side and the original production intention could not be fulfilled.
[ Dentsu Headquarters Building ]
OBAYASHI CORPORATION + Jean Nouvel + The JERDE Partnership-Dentsu Headquarters Building
Samsung Museum Leeum is a museum located in Seoul , South Korea. Operated by Samsung Cultural Foundation of Samsung Group. It opened in October 2004. It is divided into two buildings: MUSEUM1 (Ancient Museum), which displays Korean antiquities including national treasures such as ceramics, ancient calligraphy, Buddhist art, and metal crafts, and MUSEUM2 (Contemporary Museum), which exhibits modern and contemporary art from Korea and the world. ing. MUSEUM1 is designed by Swiss architect Mario Botta , MUSEUM2 is designed by French architect Jean Nouvel , and the attached Samsung Children's Education and Culture Center is designed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas.
Jean Nouvel --part3 --Leeum Samsung Museum of Art
[ Queen Sofia Center for the Arts, New Building 2005 ]
The main building, the Sabatini Pavilion, is a renovation of a hospital designed by Charles III in the 18th century, ordered by the Italian architect Francesco Sabatini . In 2005, a new building designed by French architect Jean Nouvel was added to the south side of the Sabatini building. Nouvelle linked the old building with the new building by incorporating a square between the two buildings. In the shaded public space , there is nothing but a paintbrush sculpture by Roy Lichtenstein. Visitors will find nothing but sculptures in this square, surrounded by smooth architectural lines woven by horizontal red slabs along the glass sides of a distinct matt metallic building.
[ Torre Agbar 2005 ]
Torre Agbar is a skyscraper at the intersection of Barcelona 's Diagonal Road, Granvia Road and Meridiana Road. Also known as the Agbar Tower. A building designed by French architect Jean Nouvel. It is said that this building imagined the shape of Montserrat, a mountain of strange rocks near Barcelona, and the shape of water spouting because it is a water company building. However, it seems to be reminiscent of a phallus from the citizens of Barcelona, and is nicknamed "suppository " (el supositori). The building is designed by combining different elements. The building itself is made of reinforced concrete and the façade is covered with various types of glass. A method of taking in natural light deep inside the room is also taken by using various processed glass to create a space of light using daylighting and reflection and adjusting the angle of reflection. Also, depending on the viewing angle, we are making a building that blends in with the scenery behind and becomes transparent. On the contrary, using glass that should be transparent, we are also creating buildings that bring out an unusual presence. The reinforced concrete wall is cut out with 4,500 glass windows. A unique part of this building is the night illumination . 4,500 LED lighting devices are installed on the façade, and the image of light emerges through the glass façade. In addition, an air temperature sensor is installed on the outer wall and is linked with a glass blind opening / closing device to block hot sunlight in the summer and allow sunlight to enter in the winter to save the maximum amount of heating and cooling energy.
[ Agbar Tower ]
028. Spain_DAY3_ Traagbal designed by Jean Nouvel
Musée du quai Branly is, Paris 7th arrondissement , the Seine river in the Ke Buranri on the banks of the (Buranri riverbank) Museum of Art is. It was Jean Nouvel who designed the building, which was fitted with glass and had colorful boxes protruding from it.
With the image of "a building that blends into the landscape and is discovered by visitors," a large transparent glass wall first separates the roadway / sidewalk from the site, and from the wall of the north façade of the museum, which is based on black. Protruded "color boxes " of different sizes colored in red, orange, and purple to create an impressive façade. Patrick Blanc 's "living wall" walls are planted on the façade of the office and media buildings facing the Seine, moss changing the landscape from the adjacent stone apartment to the museum. The planting of dense ferns and ferns softened it, creating a natural connection. The atelier boutique building, with its gray terracotta-style walls , features ceiling paintings by eight Aboriginal artists. Along with this novel architecture, the garden landscaped by architect Gilles Clément is said to have been designed by Clément by repeating literature and field surveys in order to bring it closer to the original landscape of the collection's hometown.
Quai Branly Museum Designed by Jean Nouvel Jean Nouvel Musée du quai Branly
This museum basically has an exhibition room in the basement, and by randomly arranging box-shaped volumes on the ground, it imagines a maze-like urban medina in an Arab country. In addition, the area around the museum is filled with seawater, making it a museum that floats on the sea. A geometric roof with a diameter of about 180m hangs over the entire museum. It's a roof that has both delicacy and dynamics. The geometric roof is layered so that the light is refracted, and when it falls to the ground, it becomes a soft light like sunlight through the trees.
Building the Louvre Abu Dhabi
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