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Norman Foster Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

[ Norman Foster ]

Trailer for the movie "How Much Does Your Building"

[Hong Kong Shanghai Bank, Hong Kong Head Office Building 1985]

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation / Hong Kong Head Office Building is a skyscraper headquartered and headquartered by the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, which is the parent and core subsidiary of the HSBC Group , one of the world's largest bank finance groups . Designed by British architect Norman Foster and completed in 1985. It is currently one of Hong Kong's leading skyscrapers and is known as an example of world-famous high-tech architecture. The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Head Office has existed here since 1865, even before the current building was built.

It is said that there was a building that did not become obsolete even decades after its completion as a condition for designing. Completed in 1985, it is 178.8m high and has 44 floors. At the time of completion, it was the tallest building in the Chukan area. The building is now also known as Foster's most representative work. The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation's new office building has been heavily constructed, but at the same time it is using abundantly the most advanced construction technology that was conceivable at the time of construction. It adopted the world's first suspended structure as a skyscraper. The fact that it uses a lot of glass is similar to the current minimalist architecture . Natural light is the point, such as to capture a lot of, ecology Foster is able to design later as a high-rise building that was targeted, Germany of Frankfurt was built in 1997, finished in Commerzbank of Commerzbank tower to You can see the connected architectural ideas. Furthermore, as a Hong Kong-like episode, it is said that Feng Shui teachers also gave guidance when designing the building.

In Hong Kong, it is sometimes nicknamed "Crab Building " because of the characteristics of how the steel frame on the side of the building is assembled.

An architecture inspired by this building is the Foster-designed Century Tower in Hongo , Bunkyo-ku , Tokyo, which was completed in 1991.

[ Century Tower 1991 ]

Century Tower is an office building in Ochanomizu . Completed in 1991, designed by Norman Foster and constructed by Obayashi Corporation. The current owner is close to Juntendo University and Juntendo University Juntendoiin home to school corporation Juntendo in, has become a "Juntendo University Building 11".

Norman Foster 's work in Japan. It features exposed braces and a tower connected by an atrium. It has a structure of two layers, and the middle floor has a suspended structure .

[ Century Tower]

Norman Foster-Century Tower

[ Commerzbank Tower 1997 ]

Commerzbank Tower is a skyscraper in the center of Frankfurt, Germany . This is the headquarters building of Commerzbank.

Designed by Norman Foster . Construction started in 1994 and was completed in 1997. The height to the top including the antenna is 300.25m, and the height to the roof is 259m, 56 stories. In designing, we aimed to create an environment-friendly building "green building " that uses as little energy as possible. An atrium with a height of 259m that penetrates the skyscraper to the roof is created in the center, and the office space is arranged around it so as to form a triangle with a side of 60m. The weight of the building is supported by the cores located at each apex of the triangle.

The floor of the building is divided into 9 floors, and the " Sky Garden " with sunlight and greenery is sandwiched between them. By opening and closing the windows of the sky garden, natural ventilation is realized in which fresh outside air is distributed from each garden through the atrium to every corner of the office. Structure to support the high-rise, ventilation and air-conditioning technique of comfortable office space in the ecological you do not waste energy, such as, Malaysia , Penang of MBF Tower and the London of London City Hall building , St. Mary Ax 30 address , etc., It was also applied to other buildings designed by Foster.

[Reichstag Building (Germany) 1999 ]

It functioned as the House of Representatives from 1894 through the Weimar Republic of Imperial Germany , but was burned by a suspicious fire in 1933. It was restored in 1999 and now houses the Bundestag chamber.

The restoration was designed by British architect Norman Foster , who won the 1992 architectural competition. The original plan, such as the huge flat roof of glass that covers the entire Capitol and the square, has been changed to its current appearance. In the restoration work, everything except the outer wall was temporarily removed. The huge glass dome in the center is conscious of the existence of the glass dome at the time of the construction of the Capitol at the end of the 19th century, but due to its distinctive and innovative design, many tourists visit the Parliament Building. There is a passage for visitors in the dome, and you can see the city of Berlin from the roof and you can see the chamber below. In addition, natural light pours from the dome of the above to the glassed-in assembly hall, there is a sense of relief in spite of the indoor masonry, appeal to parliamentary government that is open at all times meeting published Mr. visitors in the dome There is. The glass of the dome is designed to constantly change its angle according to the movement of the sun, keep out direct sunlight into the chamber, and always fill the chamber with bright light. The dome is the centerpiece of Berlin tourism and is open until 22:00. Security is tight, but there are long lines waiting for admission during the tourist season. The interior of the Parliament Building is a clear and simple modern office. Using a wide wall contemporary art works of the house has been exhibited in various places, so that the museum. In this way, the Capitol appeals the image of "today's German politics, which is environmentally friendly, cultural, and open to the public."

[ Reichstag Building (Germany) ]


[ Millennium Bridge 2000 ]

London Millennium footbridge has been nicknamed the Millennium Bridge, London, the River Thames applied to the pedestrian bridge . It was completed in June 2000. The pedestrian bridge was one of the British Millennium projects, and as a result of a competition by the Southwark Parliament in 1996, a design proposal by Arup , Foster & Partners , and Anthony Caro was won. Construction began in the latter half of 1998, and construction of the pedestrian bridge began on April 28, 1999. The construction cost is £ 18.2 million. The pedestrian bridge is located between the Southwark Bridge (downstream) and the Blackfriars Railway Bridge (upstream), with The Globe Theater , Bankside Gallery, Tate Modern on the south and St. Paul's Cathedral on the north. There is a cathedral. The nearest London Underground station is Mansion House Station .

[ Expo Station 2000 ]

Expo Station (CG1: Expo MRT Station) is an elevated station on the MRT Tozai Line in the eastern part of Singapore.

[ London City Hall 2002 ]

City Hall is the Greater London Authority, which consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.  Headquarters. The government building is located in Southwark on the south bank of the Thames , near Tower Bridge.

[ 30 St Mary Ax 2004 ]

30 St Mary Ax is the name of a skyscraper towering at 30 St Mary Ax Street in the City of London , the financial center of London, the capital of England. Widely known as "Gerkin ", which means small-sized cucumber. Also owns the building Swiss Re Chinami, at Swiss Re headquarters tower, Swiss Re headquarters building, Swiss Re Center, or sometimes simply referred to as the Swiss Re headquarters. The building was designed primarily by Pritzker Prize- winning architect Sir Norman Foster and his former colleague architect Ken Shuttleworth.

In order to reduce the wind eddy around the building, he began to elaborate the unique conical blueprints. The design won the Stirling Prize in 2004 from the prestigious Royal Institute of British Architects. This was the first unanimous award in history for all judges. The 2003 years of the Emporis Skyscraper Award , too, have won the award as the most outstanding high-rise building.

The building employs energy-saving technology to supplement the use of half the electricity normally consumed by equivalent tower buildings. Each floor is equipped with six shafts that send air as a natural ventilation system to the entire building (another firebreak is required every six floors to prevent a "chimney" in the event of a fire). These shafts also create a huge double glazing effect in which air is sandwiched between two layers of glass , blocking the inner office space. In order to avoid heat transfer, the use of double glazing is restricted in ordinary houses, but Swiss Re dared to take advantage of this effect. This allowed the shaft to let warm air out of the building during the summer and to keep the building warm during the winter with the use of passive solar heating. In addition, the shaft allows sunlight to pass through the building, making the working environment more comfortable and continuing to reduce utility costs.

The stability of the side of the building is maintained by using struts, tubes with a non-diagonal outer circumference, or a combination of these. Swiss Re's complete triangular perimeter structure (cylindrical shell structure) allowed the construction of strong buildings without any other extra reinforcement. In spite of its curved shape, only the lenticular stigma on the crown is actually curved glass.

[ 30 St Mary Ax ]

Norman Foster Gherkin | Gherkin Norman Foster LONDON

[ Hearst Tower 2006 ]

Hearst Tower is a skyscraper located in Manhattan , New York City , United States. Completed in 2006, it is the first landmark building in the 21st century in New York City.

[ Hurst Tawa ]

Hearst Tower by Norman Foster in NY Hearst Tower Norman Foster

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