Philip Johnson Antoni Gaudí i Cornet
Philip Johnson is an architect representing American modernism . Born in Cleveland , Ohio and raised in New England. After graduating from Hackley School in New York in 1923, he entered Harvard University. I majored in philosophy. While attending school, the stocks given to him by his father, a lawyer, soared and he made a huge fortune. Graduated in 1927. After that, he traveled around Europe and touched on classical and modern architecture.
In 1930, he became a curator at the invitation of Alfred Barr , the first director of the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York. In 1932, he held an exhibition of modern architecture with architectural historian Henry Russell Hitchcock, introducing Europe's most advanced modernist architecture to the United States. The following year, he was active, such as holding the "Birth of the American Sky Scraper" exhibition, but resigned in 1936. Inspired by the Nazism he touched during his trip to Germany in the early 1930s, he engaged in political activities. In 1940, he re-entered the Graduate School of Architecture at Harvard University, where he studied architecture with Gropius and Marcel Breuer. After graduating, he volunteered to join the US Army Engineering Division and spent time until the end of World War II. From 1946 to 1954, he became the curator of the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York again. In 1947, he held the " Mies van der Rohe" exhibition , which introduced Mies for the first time in the United States and helped in its activities. He also cooperated with the Seagram Building in Mies and became a representative of modernist architects. At the AT & T Building in 1984, he showed a development to postmodernism.
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