architect. Born in Seoul, South Korea. Spend a boyhood in Nagano prefecture. 1965 (Showa 40) Graduated from the Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo. From 1965 to 1969, worked at Kiyonori Kikuchi Architects. In 1971, the architectural design office Urban Robot was established. The name reflects the optimistic image of technology of the 1960s. 1979 Renamed to Toyo Ito Architects. He teaches at the University of Tokyo, Waseda University, Japan Women's University, etc.
In the 1970s, Ito published many works that were closed to the outside world. The house in Nakano Honcho, Tokyo / White U (1976), which is a representative work in the early days, has a U-shaped plane and an internal space that curves like a white tunnel, and can be said to be a typical example of an inward-looking house. At that time, Ito was interested in dry architecture without depth or hierarchy because of his friendship with members of the Kazuo Shinohara laboratory at Tokyo Institute of Technology and critic Koji Taki (1928-2011). Kazuo Shinohara's influence can be seen in the residential works such as the Return of Black (1975) and the Chuorinkan House (1979). Kasama's House (1981) attempts to create a white space in which fragments of form float in the air, erasing the contours of architecture and the sense of distance in perspective.
However, since the 1980s, Ito's works have opened toward the city. He emphasized the design of the film by pursuing a space that responds to new physical sensations that accompany the development of electronic technology and media. The silver hat of his own house (1984, Architectural Institute of Japan Award for Works) has a series of light vault roofs (arched roofs). The Wind Tower of Yokohama (1986), which is covered with punching metal, is a media-like object that visualizes invisible changes in the surrounding environment as a pattern of light. Restaurant Nomad (1986, Tokyo) was inspired by a nomadic tent to express a cloth-like floating feeling that dances in the wind. These design trends also correspond to the atmosphere of the bubble economy era. However, while admitting that architecture is swallowed up by the waves of the consumer society, Ito pursued how it is possible without denying it.
In the 1990s, after the Yatsushiro Municipal Museum (1991, Kumamoto Prefecture, Mainichi Art Award, BCS Award), he began to work on public facilities, including the Shimo Suwa Town Suwako Museum (1993, Nagano Prefecture) and Nagaoka Lyric Hall (1996, Niigata Prefecture). ), Etc., and developed projects in various parts of Japan. Design features include transparent and translucent glass such as Nakameguro T Building (1990, Tokyo), Okawabata River City 21 Town Gate "Kaze no Egg" (1991, Tokyo), and nursing home Yashiro. Oval shapes such as Municipal Hoju Dormitory (1994, Kumamoto Prefecture) can be mentioned. After that, through the work of public facilities, Ito became more interested in the program than the expression of form, and presented flat spaces such as cultural facilities and Taisha Urara Place (1999, Shimane Prefecture).
Furthermore, as a new architectural model, he pays attention to convenience stores and pursues the image of a fluid space while being influenced by the situation of modern cities. In 2001 (Heisei 13), Sendai Mediatheque (Miyagi Prefecture, Good Design Award) presented a prototype of architecture in the information age. The first feature is that instead of arranging vertical columns regularly, winding mesh tubes (columns with a hollow inside) are randomly arranged. Second, instead of a material wall, thin glass is fitted like a skin. Thirdly, instead of a thick slab (reinforced concrete floor), an ultra-thin plate (concrete floor) was used.
Since 2000, the number of overseas works has increased. The Hannover Expo theme park "Health Futures" (2000, Germany) is a fantastic information space installation. The Bruges Pavilion (2002, Belgium) and the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (2002, London) have adopted epoch-making structures based on unique patterns to realize architecture that does not depend on columns, beams or slabs.
Honorary member of AIA (American Institute of Architects) and Professor Emeritus of the University of North London. Other major architectural works include Hotel D (1977, Nagano Prefecture), PMT Building (1978, Aichi Prefecture), Sapporo Beer Hokkaido Guest House (1989. Togo Murano Award), Odate Jukai Dome (1997, Aichi Prefecture). Art Selection Minister of Education Award, Japan Academy of Arts Award), Sakurajosui K House (2000), Shinonome Canal Court CODAN (2003), exhibition exhibition work "Tokyo Nomadic Girl's Package (Pao)" (1985), etc. There is. His books include "Wind Transformation" (1989) and "Transparent Architecture" (2000). Received the 2010 World Culture Award and the 2013 Pritzker Prize. [Taro Igarashi]
"" Separate Volume New Architecture Japanese Contemporary Architect Series 12 Toyo Ito "(1988, New Architecture) ▽" Wind Transformation-Architectural Chronicle "
~ Related architectural ideas ~