​Tadao Ando

architect. Born in Osaka. After graduating from technical high school, he taught himself architecture after working as a professional boxer. In the 1960s, he traveled around Japan and traveled to Europe twice, experiencing various architectures. 1969 (Showa 44) Established Tadao Ando Architectural Institute. In 1976, he announced Row House in Sumiyoshi and received a lot of attention. The characteristic of this house is the exposed concrete wall reminiscent of a closed box to the outside, and the flat structure that you have to pass through the roofless courtyard when moving the room. It can be said that the basic design inherits the high-quality modernism represented by Le Corbusier and Louis I. Kahn (1901-1974). On the other hand, in this house, it became a big topic that you had to go to the bathroom with an umbrella on a rainy day. In other words, a flow line that is not always functional while giving a clear geometric order to modern materials can be considered as an attempt to overcome modern times.
In the 1980s, the Rokko apartments (1st term: 1983, 2nd term: 1993, 3rd term: 1999) and the Times (1st term: 1984, 2) were connected to the river, taking advantage of the sloping terrain. Established an immovable position in the architectural world through works that skillfully harmonize nature and architecture, such as 1991). Initially, his work focused on residential and commercial facilities, but from the end of the 1980s he began working on public facilities such as the Hyogo Children's Museum (1989) and the Himeji Literature Museum (1991). As a result, the scale of the work becomes larger, and the design that was done in a small house develops like a baroque. Bold openings, dramatic light and water effects, grand staircases, and underground spaces have been refined. And the magnificent scale of Awaji Yumebutai (1999) is positioned as the culmination of Ando's architectural methods.
It is generally understood as an architect with concrete walls, but it is noteworthy that he began to actively use wood in the 1990s. The first full-scale wooden structure is the Japan Pavilion (1992) at the Seville Expo. It is one of the largest wooden structures in the world with a frontage of 60 meters, a depth of 40 meters and a height of 25 meters. While using laminated lumber, you can feel the beauty of the wooden structure of traditional Japanese architecture. In other words, it is rationalized with standardized materials and reconstructs Japanese tradition with modern technology. After that, he realized the dynamic wooden temple (1994) and the delicate Minamidakesan Komyoji (2000), and pursued various possibilities of expression by wood.
Recognized as a world-class architect, but when evaluated from abroad, it is often referred to as Japanese traditions such as Zen gardens and tea rooms due to its austere minimalism without decoration and its relationship with nature. .. Since the latter half of the 1990s, he has won competitions such as the Fort Worth Museum of Contemporary Art and the Pinault Museum of Contemporary Art, and has increased the number of overseas projects and is also working on actual works. He was also a visiting professor at Yale University, Columbia University, and Harvard University, and became a professor at the University of Tokyo in 1997 (retired in 2003). The Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art (2002) has a large overhanging eaves and a concrete box wrapped in glass, and is a work that shows the direction of a new design.
He is one of the few architects who has social influence beyond the architectural world. He also actively made statements through the media, and after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995, he started a tree-planting campaign for the Green Network to increase greenery and is expanding its circle. Instead of just designing a building, he also shows an aspect as a social reformer. He also proposed a monument that inherits memories by creating a landscape consisting of a part of a sphere without rebuilding the site of the World Trade Center building that was destroyed by the terrorist attacks on the United States in September 2001. Received the AIJ Prize, the Japan Art Academy Prize, the Isoya Yoshida Prize, the Pritzker Prize, the Royal Architects Association of the United Kingdom Gold Medal, and the Alvar Aalto Prize. Honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, Honorary Member of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Honorary Member of the French Academy of Architecture. 2003 (Heisei 15) Person of Cultural Merit. Other major architectural works include the Church of Light (1989), the Osaka Prefectural Chikatsu Asuka Museum (1994), and the Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum (1995). His books include "Tadao Ando's City Wandering" (1992), "Talking about Architecture" (1999), "Consecutive Battles Losing" (2001), and "Dreaming in Architecture" (2002). [Taro Igarashi]
"Tadao Ando's City Wandering" (1992, Magazine House) ▽ "Talking about Architecture" (1999, The University of Tokyo Press) ▽ "Tadao Ando Awaji Yumebutai" (2000, New Building Company) ▽ "Consecutive Battle Loss" (2001)・ The University of Tokyo Press) ▽ "Tadao Ando's Museum / Museum" (2001, Art Publishing Co., Ltd.) ▽ "I dreamed of architecture" (2002, Japan Broadcasting Publishing Association) ▽ "GA Architect TADAO ANDO" Vol.1 , 2, 3 (1993, 1997, 2000, ADA Editor, Tokyo) ▽ Francesco Dal Coed. Tadao Ando Complete Works (1994, Phaidon, Oxford) ”

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