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Inheritance and reference of culture, technology and style Cityscape inheritance

~ Editing ~

On this page, reference works are categorized for each proposed element.

​ Target works are National Architecture Student Award, National Graduation Design Award, JIA Master Design Exhibition, Tokyo Architecture Collection, Sendai Design League, Ara Brick Graduation Design Exhibition, National Joint Design Exhibition, Chubu Graduation Design Exhibition, Diploma Kyoto, Design Review, Hase Ko Competition, Daiwa House Competition, ERI Student Competition, Daito Kensetsu Competition, Furic Competition, Public Space Competition. In addition, we will categorize related videos, books, magazines, and buildings, aiming to be one of the largest and most advanced architectural design platforms.

Design and research of public facilities that create art works that inherit the technology of the town factory
--Focusing on the Sumida Ward Town Factory--

Outline of work

With the decline of manufacturing, many town factories are closing down, and the high skill of craftsmen is being lost. Therefore, in order to propose to pass on Japan's high manufacturing technology to the next generation, we focused on the number of town factories per unit area in the 23 wards of Tokyo, and targeted Sumida ward, which has the largest number. On the other hand, at Daishin Stainless in Niihama, Shikoku, a new type of art work is being made that combines the high metal processing technology of the town factory and art with high design. We conducted a survey to design "public facilities for making".
The contents of the survey are (1) prospects for art production that inherits the technology in Sumida Ward, (2) selection of the target site, (3) necessary functions of public facilities for art production that inherit the technology, and (4) design of the boundary between the target site and the surrounding site. Quantitative surveys and field surveys were conducted for the purpose of surveying clues.
We designed Sumida Mono x Art Lab as a public facility for the production of art works that inherited the technology of the town factory, and proposed a creator share house, an art museum in the city, an installation space, and a sports plaza to supplement its functions. By incorporating the three flow lines of craftsmen (local residents), visitors, and artists (new residents) and the flow lines that guide people to Arakawa, where the hydrophilic space is not effectively utilized, people can feel a sense of distance. It was a proposal to design and connect people and take root in the city.
We designed a public facility to inherit Sumida's manufacturing as an architecture that can connect not only the target site but also people with different attributes and spread it to the city.

To succeed.

Outline of work

The site was the Matsuzaki district (formerly Matsuzaki Village), which has the largest number of Namako walls in Matsuzaki Town, and the dual school, a two-base type education system, was the axis of the plan. This project has been underway in Minami Town, Tokushima Prefecture since 2016, and the city center and local boards of education have partnered to approve the number of days attended between the two schools. Currently, it is limited to the relationship between participants, but in this work, the functions necessary for the three exchange axes of local residents, tourists, and participants to intersect are within a 10-minute walk from Matsuzaki Elementary School where children attend. In addition, it will be inserted into the three sea lion wall buildings of Nakase House, Kondo House, and Izu Buntei, which face the main street. By decentralizing the functions, the original center will be revived by the movement of people. On the condition that the Namako wall is not damaged, we considered and designed the extension from the spatial characteristics of each Namako wall building in order to meet the necessary rooms in the limited site. Nakase's house will be used as a general reception desk, office and cram school, Kondo's house will be used as a workshop and dining room, and Izu Buntei will be used as a hot spring and inn. By constantly utilizing these Namako wall architecture, we aimed to pass on the scenery and culture of the Namako wall to the next generation. In Matsuzaki Town, the Namako wall construction was established by trade, but it declined with the passage of time. But the whole process provided an opportunity for the dual school to showcase a new trading town. I hope that this work will be an example of reviving a region with similar problems.

Cundi Tower
--Reconsideration of tower architecture in esoteric Buddhism--

Outline of work

Reconstruction of the Shingon Esoteric Buddhist temple, Kamidaigoji Temple, which was destroyed by lightning strikes. Reconstruction does not mean rebuilding in its old form.
Design a modern esoteric five-storied pagoda from the teachings and history of esoteric Buddhism.

The site is Daigoji Temple. There are two Daigoji temples, Shimodaigoji Temple at the foot of the mountain on the west side and Daigoji Temple on the east side of the mountain.
The two temples are about 2 km apart and about an hour's walk through the mountains.
Since Kamigoji was built by Shobo and later the temple temple of Shimodaigo was established, the number of monks who went to Kamigoji for training decreased sharply. The relationship between the two temples is now very weak.

Therefore, we designed a new five-storied pagoda that deeply connects with the five-storied pagoda of Shimodaigoji Temple on the site of the former Daigoji Temple Five-storied Pagoda.
This five-storied pagoda is different from the conventional five-storied pagoda, and uses wood with a small cross section as much as possible. The sacred trees cut down from Daigoyama are carefully and delicately assembled to a height of 30m so as not to exceed the height of the mountain.
Structurally, the principle is the same as the five-storied pagoda, which has a long history of withstanding numerous earthquakes. Seismic energy is rapidly attenuated by a myriad of compatible members.
Unlike the previous five-storied pagoda, the pillars, swords, Buddhist statues, murals, etc. that resemble Dainichi Nyorai have been completely eliminated.
This is also a sign of respect for Daigoyama, and the void in the center of the tower is a sign of the intangible Dainichi Nyorai.

This new five-storied pagoda "Cundi Pagoda" built in Kamigoji Temple deeply connects the relationship with the Shimodaigoji Five-storied Pagoda and gives esoteric Buddhism and Daigoji a new prestige.

Taiwan taste miryu
~ Proposal of co-eating scenery in Jiaoxi in Yilan ~

Outline of work

Taiwan has been occupied and ruled since the 17th century, and is a multiethnic society composed of Han Chinese, soldiers who migrated from the postwar continent, and new immigrants from Southeast Asian countries and China in recent years. .. Under such a complex history and diverse cultures, awareness of national identity is considered weak. Many Taiwanese are not confident in Taiwanese culture, are always chasing fashionable things, and the roots of culture are gradually disappearing. As a result of reading the history of Taiwan again, it seems that the most complete context is the history of food and drink in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim of this proposal is to create a space and place where food can be visualized from the place of origin to the table, based on the viewpoint of food design.

In old Taiwanese society, it was common for neighbors to share foodstuffs, tableware, furniture, and other items and eat together. The event is called "Taiwanese" Bandot (pronounced in Taiwanese). Previously, Bandot was mainly performed outdoors and semi-outdoors. Due to the transition of urban space, the co-eating culture of bandot has gradually disappeared, and it has been derived from the commercialized eating style and eating space. On the other hand, Taiwanese cuisine absorbs the cooking methods peculiar to each ethnic group at each time and uses ingredients peculiar to Taiwan, so it is also characterized by its unique miscible taste. Therefore, the Taiwanese taste is not considered to be a clear image. It seems necessary to re-recognize and reconstruct the knowledge about food culture that each ethnic group in Taiwan regarded as the root of culture. If there is a place that has an impact on the environment and culture centered on Taiwanese-flavored miryu, we can expect a co-eating scene where people can exchange knowledge about food from the production areas of each ethnic group to the dining table.

National Taipei City University of Arts Cultural Center Design

Outline of work

Culture is the soul of a nation, determining the spirit and height of one nation, and defining the position of this nation and society on a world map. Culture is the lifestyle of people today, the history and collective perception of the social past, and the imagination and creation of the future. Cultural institutions are architectures made up of blood, sweat and crystals of the past, such as literature, history, philosophy, science and art. It also became a bridge between the past, the present and the future, taking responsibility for educating posterity, and providing a safe haven for culture from the pulsation of history.

Design is about solving, disassembling, and improving problems. The purpose of design is not to overturn or create a new culture, but to face a new generation of young people in a new way. This design will be based on the campus of the National Taipei University of the Arts, introducing the concept of future cultural facilities. National Taipei University of the Arts is located around the Guandu Plain in Taipei City, Taiwan. It is a public university whose majors are art, performance, humanities research, and creation. The basic idea of the school is to develop human resources for art creation, direction and academic research, and to seek new opportunities for art development and creation, based on traditional culture and having a humanistic spirit. The area of the school is about 370,000 square meters, and in 2016 there were about 163 teachers and about 3116 students. The design includes a library space, an exhibition space, a theater space, a multipurpose space, a communication space, an office space, and the like. With this design as a mark, we will break down the idea of facilities and ask the public to think about new definitions of culture and cultural facilities.

Obuse Gion Festival Reconstruction Plan  -Architecture that creates a new rhythm of Halle and Ke-

Outline of work

Due to lifestyle changes, the communal living space has been lost, and the "community" and "place" have been lost. Last summer, during an internship at the Tadao Ando Architectural Institute, I researched Imai-cho, Nara Prefecture, where a traditional community remains. It turned out that a "place" was created. Therefore, I thought that it would be possible to build a modern "place" by creating a new community. The site will be a central block where the living space and commercial space are separated due to the expansion and renovation of Obuse, Nagano Prefecture, and need to be reconstructed by Halle and Ke. We regard "place" as "interactive floor" and propose "architecture as a device that creates a new rhythm of halle and ke in the town". By equating the existing and new construction from the "Survey drawing of living 1m above the ground in Obuse" created in two years, we designed a "place" that extends to the town, architecture, fittings, furniture, body, and pavement of the ground. In this design, the Gion Festival will be revived, a new community of corporate living with work and housing will be born by townspeople, tourists, and new migrants, and the tradition of the region will be inherited by the rhythm of work and festival hare and ke. He presented a new model for preserving and utilizing traditional architecture.

Wind Mandala City  Inventing a three-dimensional mandala architecture with reference to Jaipur's traditional architecture

Outline of work

Located in North India, Jaipur is one of the few surviving cities planned in the early 18th century based on the Hindu city philosophy. The city has a concentric block-shaped block structure based on the Mandala map, and each block is densely populated with traditional courtyard architecture. In recent years, as the urban population has increased, the density of blocks and the height of buildings have increased, and the reconstruction of buildings without courtyards has been progressing against the backdrop of urban modernization. In Jaipur, which is expected to develop as a tourist city that makes the most of the cultural value of the city, an architectural strategy to inherit the traditional architectural style is required. In this plan, in order to obtain the knowledge to conceive a new architecture from the traditional architecture of Jaipur, we consider that the feature is in the void, and then the composite expression of many voids and the wall surface / floor surface facing the voids. The typical traditional architecture is arranged from the viewpoint of expression. Next, in response to the demand for new public space that accepts people's activities due to the congestion of streets, we considered opening the rooftop of an existing building whose rooftop space is continuous with the neighboring house as an integrated public space. For the site connecting to the new subway station, Void devised a three-dimensional mandala architecture, which is a three-dimensionally structured architecture, as a base for a network that guides people from the ground to the rooftop. As a result, people and wind come and go from the street to the rooftop beyond the boundaries of the building, and the rooftop space centered on the void is surrounded by the wind, presenting a windy mandala city where the living scenery of diverse people spreads.

Will it be crossed or connected?

This is a proposal for an apartment complex that connects people with each other in a corridor that connects rooms. As people grow older, their lives become constant, their time increases, and their communication with their surroundings decreases. Therefore, the room of the dwelling unit and the corridor were disassembled, and the moving distance was lengthened by arranging the rooms at both ends centering on the corridor. By connecting the long dwelling units in the corridor, relationships with the residents on the left and right are created, and the corridor turns into a place for the community. In addition, by making a slope in the corridor according to the slope of the site, the floor level can be different even within one dwelling unit, and the slope becomes conscious. By becoming more conscious of the inclination, the movement of the line of sight up and down is generated when moving, which triggers the relationship with the upper and lower floors. Just by moving in the corridor, various lifestyles up, down, left and right will influence each other, become more active, and discover new things every day.

Proposal of design method using traditional architectural space segmentation / connection method  --Taking Yono Honmachi Elementary School as an example--

Outline of work

Japan has a traditional architectural style that has been created by its own construction methods and methods since ancient times. Many traditional buildings integrate multiple buildings and functions, and methods such as corridors, fittings, eaves, and horse roads have been used to integrate them.
In this plan, we will show the spatiality of traditional architecture by clarifying the segmentation and connection methods of the space of traditional architecture, and systematize the segmentation and connection methods. Furthermore, by using it in the design of modern complex school facilities, we will create a method of integrating multiple functions and relationships, and show the architectural possibilities of the segmentation and connection method of Japanese space.
As an analysis method, 16 buildings are extracted from the traditional buildings designated as national treasures and important cultural properties, and the method of segmenting and connecting the spaces of the traditional buildings is extracted from the plan view, cross section and literature. From the plan view, we divided the central space, which has the functions of the main shrine and the worship hall, and the peripheral spaces such as the corridors and edges arranged around them, and extracted six connection types from the plan composition of the central space. From the cross-sectional view, we created a model focusing on the three space components such as floor, ceiling, pillars, and small walls, which are the elements that limit the architectural space, and extracted the usage at that time from the literature, and 16 pieces. The segment / connection method was extracted. A new space connection method and compound method were shown by using the connection form and segmentation / connection method as a Japanese-style space segmentation / connection method and using it in the design of contemporary architecture.

Applicability of spatial composition of traditional architecture  ――For built-in private houses in Masuda Town, Akita Prefecture ――

Outline of work

The townhouse in Masuda-machi, Yokote City, Akita Prefecture has a unique format that includes a warehouse, and was designated as a traditional buildings preservation district in December 2013. Design guidelines have been established and the construction and townscape are being preserved and restored, but the only regulation for new construction is the appearance. If town development proceeds in accordance with this regulation, it is not difficult to imagine that buildings that are similar in appearance and have a space unrelated to Masuda will spread inside. It is necessary to understand Masuda's unique space and "inherit history" without relying on easy-to-understand icons such as lattices and plaster walls.
In this study, we conducted a design survey targeting the Denken district of Masuda Town, extracted the elements that are thought to affect the formation of the townhouse, and analyzed the parts where those elements specifically appear in the space. To abstract. Applying abstracted elements and using technologies and materials that can be used as actual materials, we will make two design proposals for the same scale and small scale as traditional private houses.
The program was derived from on-site surveys and hearings. A complex facility with three lounges with different functions that can be used by both tourists and tradesmen, as well as a coworking space and accommodation room that will serve as a receiver for those who are considering moving to Masuda on the I / U turn in Proposal (1). Proposal (2) proposes a modern version of Komachiya for the purpose of medium- to long-term settlement. These proposals show that the spatial composition of traditional private houses can be applied to modern design.
"Inheriting history" that does not rely on substances will be a new guideline for thinking about the future of traditional Japanese towns and homes, not just Masuda Town.

High-Tech “NAGAYA”

High-Tech "NAGAYA" aims to solve the problem by applying the Edo apartment house "Nagaya", which was excellent in terms of communal living and environment, to modern apartment houses that have various problems such as the loss of the community due to aging. It is a plan to try. The site is Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo. It is a place where the streets that have remained since the Meiji era and unplanned large-scale condominium development coexist. In this proposal, the parallel Nagaya spaces meander to each other, and each house is dynamically connected to this outdoor space. The outdoors are not just passages, but also living spaces that people can share and use. Each house is basically a one-room room, and by changing the tools like a tenement house in the Edo period, you can freely change the function such as breakfast room in the morning, work room in the daytime, and bedroom in the evening. Use a traditional living space. As a result, it is possible to reduce the number of LDK-style living rooms intended for separation of meals and sleep, reduce the environmental load, and eliminate space waste. In addition, a porch space, which is a shared space connecting each dwelling, a tsubo-niwa space for letting out the summer-heated air to the upper part, water sprinkling, and a basin for natural cooling by the heat of vaporization will be created outdoors. Although it has a two-story structure as a whole, the stairs leading up to the second floor face the outdoor space, which is a living space, and it is also a device that promotes people-to-people encounters and connections.

Gradational Boundary-  Proposal from city to room for multi-layered structure with soft boundaries  --- 

I want to rethink the boundary between city and architecture.
It raises the need for boundaries in modern society that combine safety and openness with two conflicting functions.

Since modern times, the relationship between cities and architecture has been cut off due to the development and use of strong boundaries (iron doors, auto locks, high walls, shutters, etc.) that emphasize only safety. As a result, exclusive streets and closed buildings that keep others away are repeated, and there are complications such as shrinking the area of activity, diluting interpersonal relationships, and homogenizing the city.

On the other hand, I focused on the soft boundaries and their multi-layered structure that were once used in traditional houses, and analyzed and demonstrated their performance based on spatial measurements. We created a route map from the city to the room, extracted, symbolized, and ordered the boundary elements while comparing the examples of traditional and modern houses, and created a model of the boundary that has both safety and openness. Taking advantage of its characteristics, we propose an architecture with multiple soft boundaries that can adjust the relationship from the city to the room in stages.

By melting the hierarchy of rooms from the city without using strong boundaries, we aimed for a state in which people sometimes interact with various things, people, cities and nature through the boundaries, and sometimes segment.
These show the flexibility to respond to the diverse lifestyles that are expected in the future, and the possibility of boundaries between cities and architecture to rebuild human networks.

Reconstruction of temple precincts in the central area of a local city
---  Design of learning and medical treatment space modeled on the precincts of Jodo Shinsou Otani-ha Kanazawa Betsuin  --- 

In the central area of the region, the Jodo Shinshu temple was popular as a Buddhist resident, but the precincts lost their axial frontality due to the spread of railways, and today they are hollowed out from the city due to the modernization of the cathedral. .. In response to this situation, as a role of temple activities in modern society, a new place for learning and medical treatment was established in the precincts, and the functions such as kindergartens and halls developed in the precincts in the Showa period were dismantled and reorganized, and as a new cathedral. Build a centripetal religious space.
The precincts open space divided by the new cathedral arranged in an irregular checkered pattern creates a sequence of open spaces with different personalities depending on the arrangement of the geese. The roof, which is a symbol of religion and publicity, is used as a modern design method, and the structure between the slab on the second floor and the roof creates an attic space that extends horizontally from the colonnade that is continuous with the veranda of the existing main hall. The "between" with delicate pillars creates a place for various activities by the slope of the roof, controls the distance to the external space for each scene, and creates an ambiguous interface between the outside and the inside. The GL in the temple precincts will be a meeting place with a large floating roof, creating a new landscape that connects the main hall and the townhouses.
Reconstructing the temple precincts as a new public space that has both the closedness of the religious space and the openness of the area by controlling the relationship between the temple precincts and the city, the internal and external relationships, and the internal space. think of.

Whereabouts of the National Memorial Facility

The "Self-Defense Forces Martyrs Memorial District", which was built in a corner of the Defense Agency in Ichigaya in 2003, is the name of a facility for the 1726 pillars of Self-Defense Forces members who died in public affairs since the inauguration of the Self-Defense Forces. However, considering the timing of its construction, it can be said that it is a memorial monument for the line of duty death envisioned by Iraqi troops. Building a "non-religious national memorial facility" that has the same meaning as the memorial zone above is a manifestation of Japan's willingness to participate in the war in the future.
A "non-religious national memorial facility" already exists. It is named "Unnamed War Dead Cemetery", but it may have a similar personality. I focused on this facility and thought that I would somehow perform architectural operations that would restore the rights. However, Yasukuni's logic extends here as well. If you follow the extension of the axis that passes through the center of this facility, you will end up at the front shrine of Yasukuni Shrine. From this axis, you can see the strong connection between the non-religious memorial facility and Yasukuni Shrine.
In the midst of many deceptions, what is the necessary facility for Japan today, which continues on the path to war? It is a plan to dismantle the curse left by Japan in the past, that is, the strong axis of Yasukuni / War Dead Cemetery, which combines a history research institute, a history museum including a war museum, and a place for national thinking. It is a facility.

Boundary depth study

Generally, the boundary between two rooms is premised on the role of division as a "partition".
In the past, in Japanese architecture, the partitions and fittings were variable, so that the space was divided and connected. In modern times, boundaries have strengthened their unique presence as strong lines in plan planning.
In this study, we cite a traditional Finnish wooden dwelling style tupa with a strong boundary, and analyze the boundary transformation in the residential work of alvar aalto, the person who transformed it, from the indoor landscape, and the boundary depth. (-Learning from "depth of view" which means the in-focus area of the camera term, the state where the boundary gains vibration and creates various senses of distance-* defined in this research) Guide the model.
The boundary depth model derived from the analysis is used to design two studio spaces with conflicting conditions, demonstrating the versatility of this study.
In a two-story space with a limited site, the boundary is strongly divided and a design is made to give vibration to the boundary by multiplying continuous elements. Acquire smallness in a large space.
On slopes where the space is expandable without restrictions on the site, the continuity is emphasized at the boundary and a weak division expression is multiplied. In a multi-room house that expands in a plane, you will always get a state where you can feel like two rooms.
By using the method of this research, it is possible to obtain elasticity at the boundary, which is one answer to the unique boundary design.

Doma Corridor Opened in the City-Future House Using Traditional Japanese Architecture-

By using the desk and the dirt floor and adjusting the height, various places to live are created according to the age of the resident, and the open dirt floor and the long-lasting desk gently connect the residents and the people of the city.

A city where people walk — a castle town that spreads —

The traditional soil space is reconstructed from a two-dimensional structure to a three-dimensional structure, and layers of living space are layered. Living spaces that spread to various levels gradually move from the city to the living room, are buried in furniture, and hide. Furniture scattered like a forest overflows on the street. The furniture reflects the values of the inhabitants and becomes individual. The diluted community with others will create new value by gradually interfering with each other's layers of values and living together. By consolidating dwelling units such as castle towers and common spaces such as castle towns and connecting them gradually, people are brought back to the lonely shopping district that has become a shutter town, creating an opportunity for people to walk.

Apoptosis of regeneration — Inheritance of memory through relocation —

Regeneration is not a superficial thing that loses its original momentum in 10 or 20 years, but something that should slowly become familiar with the place and be passed down to future generations. Isn't it? Half of the people who live in this apartment are carpenters, woodworkers, furniture craftsmen, and other people engaged in manufacturing. By repeating the predetermined dismantling and construction by their hands, the street integrated with the site is constantly updated and various expressions are born. The dismantled materials are returned to the city, and the techniques and memories are inherited by descendants and the city. Eventually, this "relocation" system itself became a tradition of this place and became an asset to regenerate the entire city.

​~ Related architect ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

​~ Related architectural ideas ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

[2] Architectural design / work pattern of each proposal process

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[A2] Subjective proposal of the theme

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[D2] Subjective proposal of design method

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[B2] Subjective proposal of the site

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[E2] Subjective proposal of form

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[C2] Subjective proposal of the program

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[F2] Subjective proposal of space
[1] Evaluation items for architectural design and each proposal process