top of page
Space of light and shadow

~ Editing ~

On this page, reference works are categorized for each proposed element.

​ Target works are National Architecture Student Award, National Graduation Design Award, JIA Master Design Exhibition, Tokyo Architecture Collection, Sendai Design League, Ara Brick Graduation Design Exhibition, National Joint Design Exhibition, Chubu Graduation Design Exhibition, Diploma Kyoto, Design Review, Hase Ko Competition, Daiwa House Competition, ERI Student Competition, Daito Kensetsu Competition, Furic Competition, Public Space Competition. In addition, we will categorize related videos, books, magazines, and buildings, aiming to be one of the largest and most advanced architectural design platforms.

Architecture using twill of Yin
――A small museum for Japanese art ――

Outline of work

When I visited Shisen-do in Kyoto, I felt an immeasurable space in a dimly lit room, more than the space that actually exists. From that experience, I was interested in the mechanism that makes me imagine various impressions that are elusive in space.

A note by Junichiro Tanizaki. The word "Aya of Yin" that appears in the praise of Yin. Aya is a word that appears on the surface of an object and refers to a different aspect from that object, but Japanese architecture such as Shisen-do, which creates various shades of shade by the shadow, puts "shadow twill" in the space. I thought it might be made.

The purpose of this is to apply the twill of the shade in Japanese architecture, which was derived from the experience at Kyoto Shisen-do, to the modern architectural space.

First, we extracted the elements that create the shadows of Japanese architecture, and derived three types: "translucent," "fine irregularities," and "depth." From there, we will mainly design using "depth" that can be applied to the composition of space. Japanese art such as folding screens and hanging scrolls are originally found in dim Japanese architecture as everyday furnishings, and are made to look the most beautiful of them. Therefore, I proposed a small museum for Japanese art using the twill of Yin.

Although the architecture using the twill of the shadow is small and simple, the situation that you are suddenly in the dark when you walk one step is born, and when you suddenly notice it, the impression of the space changes, and the modern "bright" Creates a delicate and rich space not found in architecture.

Yindo Bookstore
――Hin in the shade ――

Outline of work

In recent years, Japanese cities are said to be too bright. With the influx of Western lighting technology due to civilization, brightness became a symbol of affluence. Looking at the modern Japanese cities that have become overly bright, I wanted to go back and think about the original Japaneseness. Before the introduction of lighting technology, the Japanese spent the night relying on candles and kerosene lights. Rather than creating a technology that makes the environment surrounded by darkness as if it wraps the light of a miniature bulb, to make it easier for Japanese people to live, the beauty is felt in the darkness illuminated by the light. , Created "Shadow Culture".

Kanda Jimbocho, Tokyo. This city, which has developed as a city of books, has become a part of Tokyo, a large city with a forest of pencil buildings, which has become commonplace today, through the trend of high-rise and high-density cities. High-rise buildings cast a big shadow on the city without exception. A sunny place in a city is often treated as a negative factor. However, in Jimbocho, all the second-hand bookstores face north to prevent the books from getting sunburned, and they are open in the shadows. Value exists here in places that are not exposed to the sun.

Utilizing the relationship between the old bookstore in Jimbocho and the shadow, an old bookstore (Hin) will be created in the city (shadow) of Jimbocho, and the now forgotten "culture of shadow" will be reproduced in the modern city of Tokyo.

Shadow tower
――Architectural design method focusing on the shadow of skyscrapers ――

Outline of work

While awareness of environmental considerations has increased, cities are being built regardless of the surrounding environment. Especially in redevelopment, only the floor area is required, and it is rare that the form of architecture is created from the environmental point of view.

In this proposal, we will derive a new architectural form and passive architectural model from the viewpoint of "shadow" in the redevelopment area in response to the climate of Japan, which is getting hotter year by year. This is a "design method that is the reverse of the conventional image" of "building a building in search of shade from a skyscraper", and "shadows" for "a gallery-like application that avoids direct sunlight and becomes closed". It is a design method that opens up to the city by incorporating it. Specifically, the low-rise part derives the form so as to capture the shadow of the surroundings, and the high-rise part for securing the floor area derives the form so as not to cast a shadow on the periphery.

By paying attention to the environmental factors of light and shadow in this way, it shows a part of the possibility of creating a new architectural form.

When the standing light jumps  A study of light in the openings of Le Corbusier's architectural works  -About the relationship with the light of the Romanesque church-

Outline of work

This design compares the sculptural opening in the religious architecture designed by Le Corbusier with the opening of the Romanesque church, including the Abbaye du Thoronet, which is said to have had a close influence on its design and construction time. By conducting an analysis, we will reconstruct the influence and effect of the manipulation of light in Le Corbusier's architecture on the interior of the building, and the modeling that fulfills it.
It can be seen that the expression of light in Le Corbusier's architectural works changes from one that delivers light to the entire space to one that develops shades and colors and affects what is seen, and has influenced him so far. Relevance to the Le Thoronet Monastery, which is supposed to have been. The wall openings of the Abbey of Le Thoronet and the Chapel of Ronchamp are both thick walls with sloping openings. Assuming that the relationship is closely related from the design period of Le Corbusier's work and the time of his visit to the Abbey of Le Thoronet, the Romanesque church including the Abbey of Le Thoronet and the later works of Le Corbusier, the opening of both. We will analyze the part and try to design an architecture centered on light based on the effect of light and the influence on the internal space due to the shape of the opening derived from it.

Proposal for darkness production method in space  --Spatial trial through Roland Barthes's "Imperial Empire" and Junichiro Tanizaki's "In Praise of Shadows"

Outline of work

It was in 1933 that literary master Junichiro Tanizaki lamented in "In Praise of Shadows" that the nights in Japan were too bright. He regarded the subtleties of the shadows of light and darkness as infinite colors, and said that Japanese culture is in the shimmer of shadows created by darkness and light, and that the shadows are not just shadows, but rather transitions. The dark space, which is vacant, vaguely changing, or surrounded by dimness, should be groped for the outline of the space using the five senses, which cannot be obtained in the bright and fragile modern times where lighting technology has advanced. I think that it gave us a good physical sensation. However, in modern times, it can be seen that darkness is beginning to appear in a different form from that depicted in "Yinrei San". Therefore, as an approach to try a "dark experience" that is not just darkness, without sticking to the traditional Japanese space composition that is established by pillars, beams, and deep eaves, the part that corresponds to the conditions for creating a dark space is First, we made a method and a design proposal using it by defining it in words.
In this design, a complex program such as a children's garden is selected as a case study, and it is architecturally based on the idea that a space with a dark experience will support it as a background of the sensory experience that children get through play. We designed a space that has a function called a playset and gives a dark experience.

Consideration and design proposal for indirect lighting method in architectural space

In modern times, people live cramped in architecture, as defined by the noun room name. So to speak, it is in a state of living in architecture.
In addition, most of human perception is influenced by vision, and it can be said that the visual state of light, that is, the state of light, is the most characteristic of space.
However, the lighting method in architectural planning is still often talked about as performance, and most of the plans are alternatives such as whether to block outside light or to collect light. The reason is that the light environment is evaluated only by the physical amount of light such as illuminance. Therefore, in this paper, indirect lighting methods are extracted from modern architecture, and the properties of each method are analyzed by performing photo analysis and 3D simulation using the Feu theory, which is an index for evaluating lighting plans. Using the analysis results, we showed the process of new housing design created from the lighting plan. Using a simple structural grid, this house with no material or morphological changes shows the appearance that only the attic space is different. The space called the attic, which is not touched by the residents, becomes a layer for adjusting the light, and creates a different phenomenon in the living space over time. By designing the state of light, different lights fall on the plane, and the function is freely determined. This is a proposal for a house where residents choose an action by the adjective "state of light" and live in a primitive way, as opposed to the way of architecture where the act is cramped, as defined by the noun of the modern room name.

Yin and praise architectural design
---  From the reference to the spatial description found in Junichiro Tanizaki's "In Praise of Shadows" and the discourse of "Bruno Taut"  ---

"I think that beauty is not in the object, but in the light and darkness of the shadow created by the object and the object."
Quoted from "In Praise of Shadows" by Junichiro Tanizaki

"In Praise of Shadows" is an essay by Junichiro Tanizaki, who found the beauty unique to Japan in the shadow beauty and was written for various cultures. Architecture is also described as one of them, but what exactly is the shadow? This design is an attempt to embody the shadow beauty of the spatial image drawn in praise of Yin as a real architecture.

Bruno Taut, a foreign architect who was active in Japan at about the same time as In Praise of Shadows, as a clue to explore the depicted spatial image more architecturally because Tanizaki is not professionally familiar with architecture. Was selected and a comparative analysis was conducted between his discourse and the citation of In Praise of Shadows. Reflecting the commonalities of the two obtained by the analysis in the design, I tried to materialize the shadow beauty of Japan, which was evaluated by Taut with the background of Western modernism.

As a method, we derived three building construction methods, "engawa", "eaves", and "walls" based on the analysis results, and designed the building based on them. As for the conditions for designing, we planned to complement the story in the building by referring to Tanizaki's masterpiece "Naomi no Ai" as well as In Praise of Shadows. Based on these, we designed a fictitious house that does not set up a site.

This house is a space image of Junichiro Tanizaki that integrates the images of two literary works, and at the same time, it is a reconstructed figure of the Japanese architectural space depicted in In Praise of Shadows through modern eyes.

From Diagram to Space-  About the light and shadow of the Le-thoronet monastery  --- 

Le-thoronet Monastery: One of the Cistercian monasteries in the Provence region. There are few sculptures that are always found in Romanesque churches. It is also said that various architects are affected by it.
While listening to such a reputation, I became very interested in this monastery and made it the theme of my master's research. The charm of the monastery is that it creates a rich space of light with only a simple composition of materials. Even though there shouldn't be much light, I feel a mysterious brightness. I thought that such a mysterious charm could get out of the modern architecture that demands clarity.
Based on this concept, we created and designed a fictitious project. Next to the Meguro Garden Museum, the botanical garden management building attached to the National Science Museum, which has a biased area composition, will be expanded to make it a general museum area composition.

Transforming experience-Expansion of space using a dictionary as a tool-

There are many small and interesting sights and phenomena that you will overlook if you are not careful in your daily life. I feel that human beings are guided by such small things. I would like to create a space that acts like a magnetic field and allows human actions to change more freely, depending on the form of the space itself and the phenomena caused by it.

We will create a "dictionary of light and phenomena" by processing and verbalizing the photographs taken in our daily lives. This dictionary will be used as a tool for recording the characteristics of light and as a material for creating new phenomena.

About 20 models created by translating images and combining words quoted from dictionaries began to have new phenomena and spatial compositions that could not be found in dictionaries, and the phenomena that occur there are the sun. People will change according to the passage of time. As the phenomena created by space change, the human experience changes along with the foundation of space.

Phenomena caused by the model are newly added to the "Dictionary of Light and Phenomena", and the dictionary continues to grow in thickness. The 20 models exhibited here are a museum of phenomena, and at the same time, a space that embodies a "transforming experience" that encourages people's movements and actions through "areas created by light" and "denseness of pillars." It is.

Temptation of light and shade-Noge 1-chome district mini development plan-

Behind the bustle of Minato Mirai and Motomachi-Chukagai, the area that has declined and turned away is the Noge district in Naka-ku, Yokohama. Departing from the black market after the war, the area is not as lively or popular as it used to be, but obscene, dubious, ugly and beautiful. With the Tokyo Olympics held, Noge's street vendor, Black Market, was forcibly evacuated, and the Noge Miyakobashi Shopping Street Building, commonly known as Harmonica Yokomachi, was built as a containment destination. More than 40 years after construction, the building has deteriorated significantly, and the occupancy rate of rental stores is extremely low. In this proposal, the road / river occupancy area where the Noge Miyakobashi shopping street building is built, and the Noge 1-chome / Miyakawacho 1-chome area are targeted for planning, and small-scale development is proposed.
Harmonica Yokomachi is an extremely unique building with gently curved walls, passageways overhanging the riverbank, and a tiny interior space prepared for black markets and street vendors. In this plan, we sought clues from the "ambiguous things" in order to confront the strong individuality of the Noge district and the shopping district building. I couldn't get rid of the question "Isn't it impossible for one person to create a mixed field like Noge?" We are making proposals with the aim.

​~ Related architect ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

​~ Related architectural ideas ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

[2] Architectural design / work pattern of each proposal process

>> View the design work >>

[A2] Subjective proposal of the theme

>> View the design work >>

[D2] Subjective proposal of design method

>> View the design work >>

[B2] Subjective proposal of the site

>> View the design work >>

[E2] Subjective proposal of form

>> View the design work >>

[C2] Subjective proposal of the program

>> View the design work >>

[F2] Subjective proposal of space
[1] Evaluation items for architectural design and each proposal process

>> View the design work >>

>> View the design work >>

[D1] Objective evaluation of design method

>> View the design work >>

[B1] Objective evaluation of the site

>> View the design work >>

[E1] Objective evaluation of form

>> View the design work >>

[C1] Objective evaluation of the program

>> View the design work >>

[F1] Objective evaluation of space
bottom of page