Nature and architecture Water and architecture

~ Editing ~

On this page, reference works are categorized for each proposed element.

​ Target works are National Architecture Student Award, National Graduation Design Award, JIA Master Design Exhibition, Tokyo Architecture Collection, Sendai Design League, Ara Brick Graduation Design Exhibition, National Joint Design Exhibition, Chubu Graduation Design Exhibition, Diploma Kyoto, Design Review, Hase Ko Competition, Daiwa House Competition, ERI Student Competition, Daito Kensetsu Competition, Furic Competition, Public Space Competition. In addition, we will categorize related videos, books, magazines, and buildings, aiming to be one of the largest and most advanced architectural design platforms.

Gap merge
-Ecological activation of public spaces and facilities on the Bayerhe River in Shiyan, China-

Outline of work

The Baierhe River runs through the straight central part of Shiyan City, China. During rapid urbanization, it was straightened, paved with concrete, and became a pure stocking infrastructure. However, given the size of the waterways, the harsh cityscape completely cuts off the relationship between citizens' daily lives and nature. It has become a city gap, both physically and socially. Therefore, more sensitive and ecological strategies will be proposed for the activation of the Bayerhe River. Added to upstream areas as an alternative approach to create further operational potential along downstream channels with the aim of maintaining current flooding capabilities and transforming the gap into higher quality public spaces and facilities. Detention park is proposed.

Architecture that corresponds to nature in the city
--Reconsideration of the composition of parks and architecture in Koto Ward -

Outline of work

Nature, which does not involve human beings, is a contradictory concept to architecture that artificially constructs space, and therefore it can be said that architecture is established by the relationship with nature. This plan proposes the design of an architectural space in which both coexist through analysis and consideration of the relationship between architecture and nature from the perspective of spatial composition.

First, through an analysis of recent architectural works, we found a compositional relationship in which architecture depends on nature and both sides are treated equally. The layout of the building and the roads and buildings around it was schematized, and its characteristics were captured.

Based on these analyses, we selected four sites with characteristic environments, derived a spatial composition method that takes advantage of the spatial properties of those sites, and designed the building. In their design, the building volume plays a role of spatializing and associating the boundary between the road and the natural environment (park), drawing natural elements into the building along the flow line, and making the horizontal arrangement vertical. It is based on a design method, such as developing it as a space that changes in direction, or adjusting the edge of the natural environment as a place for people to fit in on a body scale.

These designs, which reconsider the relationship between nature and architecture in urban space, are proposals for a new space in which architecture responds to nature and coexists.

Plants that straddle the threshold
――Research on living space with plants ――

Outline of work

I am skeptical that the plants that accompany the building will be placed in positions that cannot be seen indoors, such as rooftop greening and wall greening. The current situation is that the distance between residents and plants is biased from visual connections to thermal and environmental cutoffs. Therefore, in this research, we pursue an architectural space in which living space and plants are more closely related. The main space for plants is generally defined as a garden, but there is also a relationship between plants and living space in the garden, such as the tsubo garden found in the ancient Japanese townhouse style. Then, in this research, we will focus on the space composition method that obscures indoors and outdoors by setting plants. First, I analyzed the living space where the plants were placed and found that a space of 8 patterns could be defined. The design proposal is a detached house that connects indoors and outdoors in a gradual manner. It is an underground house with the experience that you cannot clearly recognize the movement from the outside to the inside by setting up plants, or if you feel that you have gone out, it is still indoors. Only the roof can be seen from the ground, and residents do not see the whole picture of the building. Even the space that approaches the dwelling unit becomes ambiguous. Here, plants are treated flat with building parts for spatial composition such as floors, walls, and ceilings, and the distance between people and plants is very close.

Proposal of environmental rainwater regulation facility in Hisaya Odori Park
--Proposal of a mixed molding space for architecture, infrastructure, and landscape design that connects to the water cycle -

Outline of work

Stormwater has been increasing at an overwhelming rate in recent years.
With the need for resilience against floods in cities, the current situation is that water treatment systems that rely on water infrastructure have not caught up significantly. As a countermeasure, consider the form of "face-to-face water treatment" in which water is treated on-site at each site from the mechanism of "linear water treatment" in cities that rely only on water-based infrastructure for water treatment.
Originally, cities generally had a "Master-plan" that depicts architecture, infrastructure, and landscape design from a flat surface. On the other hand, the water cycle and environmental aspects are not flat, and their effects and movements appear on the cross section. Therefore, we propose a drawing called "Master-Landscape" that shows the effect by drawing the three elements from the cross section in the form of connecting to the water cycle.
The site is Nagoya City, which is the farthest from the water environment and relies on water-based infrastructure for most of the rainwater discharge. It was the planned site.
The design was made from the cross section centering on Master-Landscape, and then the overall design was made based on history / culture, water veins, green areas, and flow lines, and individual buildings were updated in a way that was incorporated into a part of the water cycle. By connecting to the water cycle, the interior space is a space where the architecture, infrastructure, and landscape design, which are currently divided on the cross section, are physically and visually continuous, and metabolism is always promoted.
The individual elements play a complementary role, and by connecting to the water cycle, we presented a "place to secure rainwater" and a "new space where the three elements are connected to the city."

Reconstruction of city and nature
--Zenpukuji River basin model using the Japanese common toad as an index -

Outline of work

Toads have stopped coming to the garden. Amphibians are vulnerable to environmental changes, and in recent years the movement to use frogs as environmental indicator organisms has become established. The decline in toads, which are close to humans, has a negative impact on ecosystems, but at the same time indicates that cities are poorly green and the environment is poor. In addition, although urban green spaces are scattered, the ecosystem originally needs linear connections. Therefore, in this plan, we will present seven methods to create a continuous land using the Japanese common toad as an index, and try to propose a housing model that coexists with nature from the methods using the Zenpukuji River basin as the site. The reason for selecting the site is that there is a continuous green zone where the ecosystem is barely maintained in the 23 wards of Tokyo, and there is a civic activity to regenerate the river solidified by the revetment. When this method is applied to the entire basin, the continuation of the ground spreads like veins, and the infiltration and utilization of rainwater into the ground reduces the inflow to sewage, which can contribute to the control of rivers and the improvement of water quality. Can be played. The housing model is based on basic modularization while considering the method of creating continuity, and applies this module to the site, which is a flooded area, and proposes the relationship between rivers and reductions. To achieve this, we will cooperate with citizens' activities to regenerate the river that has been consolidated by the revetment and with local governments. The outlook for this plan is the idea that the city and nature can be reconstructed by expanding this plan along the river to the city center in a continuous manner.

Proposal of tourism bases by translating the environment  ――Environmental factors and composition in Nishiyama Park, Sabae City, Fukui Prefecture ――

Outline of work

Every place has its own life experience and culture, and the local environment itself can be regarded as a resource. Reviewing the spatial resources inherent in a place as an environmental factor is called "environmental translation". In this plan, from the viewpoint of "translation of the environment", we analyze and examine how to utilize the local environment that seems to be everywhere, and propose a building that restores the individuality of the area to the place. In conducting a concrete "environmental translation" at Nishiyama Park on this site, the description should be based on the existing field obtained from the four surveys of fieldwork, questionnaire survey, old map analysis, and urban structure survey. Create 76 "environmental translation recipes" that create a new customary life experience and its appearance. Develop this recipe to create a link between local life and sightseeing by Mt. Mitsumi Yuyama, and respect the individuality of the beautiful landscape of Nishiyama Park, which runs from the foot of the mountain to the summit. At the foot of the mountain, on the hillside, and at the top of the mountain, we have three architectural plans: "architecture that waits for snow and people," "architecture that snuggles up to azaleas," and "architecture that passes by trees." Create a stage set that leads to. By using this means of systematizing the local environment and reviewing it as a spatial resource, it is possible to translate the living experiences and cultural landscapes that residents cherish into the spatial composition of tourism base facilities.

Plant or architecture

Outline of work

Architecture is an artificial object that consists of excluding the nature of the area. Today, in metropolitan areas, greening ordinances are stipulated from the perspective of environmental issues. However, for me, the appearance of those buildings made me feel uncomfortable. The state of inserting a plant that is an absolute other easily.

The greatest potential for greening is the presence of green, nothing more. If plants can be incorporated into architecture, it is probably not a traditional form of architecture. It is important to consider and verbalize the relationship between plants and architecture. "Persistence" and "deterioration". The difference between the two is whether they are living things or not. In other words, it is something that exists permanently or something that deteriorates. In order for both to coexist, something like an intermediate is needed. For example, civil engineering works such as dams are designed with "water" as an element. It allows the scale of nature, has permanence, and is returned to humans as a result. We believe that the thing that connects nature and people through such civil engineering rationality is an important key in this project. Design with "soil", which is indispensable for growing plants, as an element. By making the soil the main body, the plants become the main body, and people live in such a space. They are large and gentle aggregates that can tolerate humans and great nature, but rather something new for humans.

Plant or architecture?

Porous Structure  ――Proposal of space design with vegetation / plant structure by computational design ――

Outline of work

In recent years, in architectural design, computational design using 3D CAD and BIM and CNC fabrication technology such as laser cutters and 3D printers have been attracting attention. The development and spread of these two technologies has expanded the possibilities of architectural design, enabling more sophisticated and free design than before. The purpose of this production is to propose a space design that uses the modeling of the natural world as a clue, using computational design. We planned a space design in which independent members support each other, with two elements: the phenomenal modeling created by nature, the modeling principle peculiar to plants, and the macroscopic and microscopic elements. A region-specific topography is created by accidentally connecting various things such as climate, geographical location, and ecosystem. Similarly, the shape of plants has evolved by changing its shape due to factors such as adaptation to the environment, growth process, and risk hedging. We worked on space design using digital technology to create the shape created by these phenomenal factors. Based on the shape of nature, it is created into undulations and Voronoi polygons, and the morphological principles and rationality inherent in plants that cannot be obtained manually by humans are incorporated into a single landscape. This is an experimental proposal for space design that suggests the morphological principle of nature.

Creation of an eco-community base in the sprawl area where green areas remain

The agricultural culture cultivated in Japan has the potential to create a life cycle.
It is thought that there is a clue to solve the problems of modern society such as environmental problems and the decline of local communities.
Therefore, in this research, we focused on the typical terrain "Tanito", which is a factor that leaves a lot of green space in Yokohama, and typified the urban environment in Yado, and among them, a city that is trying to build environmental symbiosis through community activities that make use of nature. The research focused on the type of symbiosis with agricultural land.
With Niiharu-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama as the target area for research, elementary schools and local community activities can be used as a base for building stronger ties between the region and nature by expanding the activities of the local community and extracting regional issues. Proposed as a complex of place and city functions.

Architectural morphology research using the shape characteristics of collagen molecules

We have always taken up "nature" as an architectural theme, although there is some variation in interpretation. Even in such nature, there are things that we continue to lose. It is "nature to enjoy" and "nature to feel". "Nature to enjoy" is the existence that supports and gives grace to our lives, and "Nature to be felt" is to sing "Nature to enjoy", to be sad and sometimes afraid.
On the other hand, the new nature that has become apparent due to technological progress, and the mechanism that exists inside humans, can be regarded as the new nature "discovering nature." Therefore, in this research, the concept and image of the plan are derived from "nature to enjoy" and "nature to be felt", and "discovery nature" derived by different logic is used as the form of the plan. 

Therefore, the originality of this research can be summarized in the following two points.
Interpret the function and shape characteristics of 1_collagen (mainly the epidermis) while paying attention to self-organizing meetings, and try to apply the unique form "discovering nature" obtained from it to the form of the planned object.

  2_Although this research is an abstract research that seeks new architectural forms, it is also important how "architecture" is related to the actual site, natural environment, and culture. Therefore, this plan expands the previous form to "design of waterway form", "dormitory", and "observatory" with different uses and functions, and envisions an environmental education facility where you can learn about nature by experiencing them. do.

To human landscape-Complex urban infrastructure and architecture through a complex system-integrated process-

This research is inspired by the question, "What is the ideal form of modern people?" From the sense of incongruity with the city that we feel in our daily lives. It is a thing / person in a modern city who refuses to have a relationship with others because of the pursuit of rationality, but if we refer to nature, we should actively have a relationship with others. By classifying and analyzing the relationship between architecture and nature, we discover and propose a spatial composition for unifying plants and architecture. In the design proposal, objects of different scales, from urban structures to plants, are treated in a comprehensive and continuous manner to bring out the appearance of a unified structure as a natural structure.

Sarushima — Island environmental design with the motif of a nest in the natural world ―

Architecture is now being reassessed by the excessive emphasis on modern technology, and there is a need for ways to create new relationships with nature and the local environment. In order to solve this problem, this study mimics the method of the 18th century scholar Marc-Antoine Roger's "Architectural Essay", which made an original proposal for architectural prototypes by denying decoration. bottom. He thought that the "nest" formed by the natural world had the qualities that could be the prototype in that it was established only in relation to the surrounding environment, regardless of modern technology. Then, in this research, the research started by defining "nest" as "incomplete form" and producing a pictorial book of 100 kinds of nests called animal architecture. Then, the requirements for establishment are divided into the surrounding control conditions, the physiological conditions of the species, the functional conditions peculiar to animals, and the geometric conditions, and three methods are posted as new methodologies, and the concrete site according to the index. It was planned to reconstruct the building in.

The planned site is a small uninhabited island called Sarushima in Tokyo Bay. In the same way that animals build their nests in such an environment, we plan incomplete architecture that does not require modern technology as much as possible.

Four main facilities were planned. All of them can be said to be "imperfect forms" that are established only by the relationship with Sarushima. This is a proposal that suggests one direction for the big problem of the environment.

Murorei-Proposal of a natural symbiotic architectural model-

We will reconstruct Japan's unique living space called "Murorei" in modern times, and propose a rich and diverse living space in the same space of about 30 m2 as Gel.
We believe that this housing model is effective for the limited resources of the earth.

Natural architecture-designed with an organic spatial composition system 

One solution to a space that accepts different activities is a natural phenomenon that is said to be comfortable, such as sunbeams or the shadow of clouds. The purpose of this design is to explore what "natural architecture" is, which gives people comfort, and to study how to design various spaces where different activities coexist.

The planned site is the site of a high school where the Shakujii River in Kita-ku, Tokyo and the JR Saikyo Line intersect. The adjacent "Otonashi Kunugi Ryokuchi" is a park created by the meandering maintenance of the Shakujii River, and as a topographical remnant, a height difference of about 4 m separates the green space from the school building. In addition, from the plan to relocate the French school Rise to this land, a new space connecting elementary, junior high and high schools will be created between the school building and the park as a receiver for Rise's activities that do not fit in the existing school building, and a Kita Ward Children's Center will be added. It was a design program.

"Natural architecture" is defined as "a space with an organic space composition system in which parts and the whole are linked". We applied it to the above site and program and conducted a design study. First, as a thought experiment, we made a prototype model that imitated an organism, and confirmed that the morphology with a system in which parts and the whole work together would be inhomogeneous. We considered a system that uses hinged rotating doors to capture windows and curtains and flexible partition movable walls as one. Based on the findings obtained by the two approaches, we proposed a space where various light distributions including architectural changes over time occur on the boundary between nature and man-made.

Architectural design considerations and design proposals that combine with natural landscapes

Natural objects and the landscapes formed by them, as seen in the botanical decorations of primitive settlements and stylized architecture, had a strong influence on architecture, from its ideas to its forms and surfaces.
In recent years, the development of structure and construction technology, the spread of CAD, etc. have been accompanied by the idea of ecology, and the natural landscape has a different shape than before (buying architecture in the landscape or using plants decoratively). However, due to the priority given to functionality and economy in urban buildings, especially large-scale buildings, such construction has hardly been attempted. Being in an artificial landscape, I think that the combination of architecture and natural landscape is an effective means.
In this research, by classifying and analyzing past cases, we extracted various methods for converting natural landscapes into architecture, and created a new skyscraper that is complex with natural landscapes that cannot be created simply by functionality and economy. The purpose is to make design proposals for.

Ohizumi Extension
Proposal of <artificial stratum area> consisting of architecture, nature, and civil engineering structures

In cities, there are places where things of different scales and properties are layered due to past plans such as redevelopment and urban infrastructure development, and it can be seen that something like artificial terrain is occurring. ..
Therefore, in this plan, those places are regarded as <artificial stratum areas>, and the compositional way is analyzed from the temporal transition. Furthermore, we propose a design project that reflects the relationships between the environments obtained from these studies in the spatial composition.
In the analysis, the constituents of the <artificial stratum area> were designated as <architecture>, <nature>, and <civil engineering structure>, respectively, and their relationships were examined from the temporal transition. As a result, it was found that there are many cases where civil engineering-scale spatial manipulation is inserted at a relatively early stage. For example, in Oizumi, Nerima-ku, which is the target area, the civil engineering element of the outer ring expressway divides the surrounding environment, and the artificial ground formed at the top is left in an independent state from the surroundings. The area is also a site that shows signs of future development as roads and subway stations are planned to be constructed in the near future. Based on these analyzes and assumptions, we plan to build a new road to eliminate traffic congestion and an layout that will spread to the surrounding area, considering access to subway stations.
In this way, by capturing the composition that can be read from the temporal transition of the <artificial stratum area> and incorporating it into the design, the architecture, existing topography, and civil engineering elements are interrelated and filled with various spatial properties. , I think that an urban space will be created that has a positive relationship with the surrounding area.

The land that lives in ~ 100 homes rooted in the soil ~

Future Japanese housing complex that will once again review the relationship with "soil" that has been separated from our lives due to the asphaltization of the ground surface and the rise of the residential space due to housing supply.

Yane no Mori roof forest

The good thing about living together is that you share a cozy environment with other residents that you can't get in your own life. We envisioned a mountain-like landscape that rises like a forest from 30 dwelling units. By inserting a small studio core into an existing wooden house and making the core a new structure, the existing outer wall will be removed. The space that was once private is consolidated into the core, and shared spaces of various sizes are created around it. The shared spaces created by such rebuilding are piled up, and a gently sloping roof is placed between the cores, creating a large three-dimensional terrace shared by the residents.

City cave = city planter

This architecture creates a living space by digging. Create a space at your favorite height, and when your family grows, dig a hole for it. The value of modern apartments declines over the years, but this architecture adds social value by becoming an urban planter, and over time humans and plants create an architectural look, years later. Will not fade. By using plants, the environment that can respond to the joy and mood of living by the act of digging has social value as a planter even if it is no longer used by humans. Even if the sense of value changes with the times, the value as an architecture is maintained. I aimed for such an architecture.

Extra-fine apartments that roam the forest

This proposal attempts to think of "living" as a collection of various events in a city. In the lower part of the forest, people in the office district eat lunch boxes and children on their way home from school play. In the middle layer of the forest, people live and there are cafes and libraries. In the upper layer of the forest, it is like a promenade where you can go around the forest. With this proposal, apartments and cities can be of equal value.・ Consider an apartment house as a landscape.
Therefore, by reviewing the zoning method and unraveling the function of the apartment house into the park, it becomes an apartment house integrated with the forest. Although the park can be regarded as a part of the city, the current housing complex is a closed system and I do not feel that it is a part of the city. Therefore, by unraveling the density of the current housing complex and integrating it with the park, it may become a system in which the settlement is open to the city. Forests belong to everyone and change the environment of the house in which they live. When the forest is healthy, the house is healthy. A loop with positive power is born. The traditional density and sense of distance are made more flexible by the layers of wood, and it becomes an apartment house that is integrated with the forest where it is fun to gather.

transmission

When the elements of the city that wake up the memory of nature sleeping in the area and slide on the ground surface intersect, it sublimates, and the current apartment house that appears as a space is complete with respect to the city and the sense of distance from the city is constant. And the inhabitants can only have one sense of distance due to the complete apartment, but I think that the lifestyles of modern people are various and should be diverse. This plan proposes the ideal way of living in various senses of distance by incorporating the continuity of nature in the area and the continuity of urban elements into the housing complex in a spiral shape. As a result, the distance between the city and the person, and the distance between the city and the apartment house will be developed at various distances, and it is a proposal to convey to the city the ideal way of the apartment house with a series of connections among 300 people.・ Distance between apartments and cities It is hard to say that the current apartments are connected to the surrounding environment (city) due to various security measures, and it can be said that the apartments are only within the site and are complete. However, this plan proposes the ideal way of an apartment house that has a relationship with various cities by making the two elements spirally three-dimensional for the apartment house and the surrounding environment (people, nature). I think it can be done.

Monkey density theory

Cities have responded to the ever-increasing number of people by increasing the number of people. It can be said that the high-rise building was a simple multiplication of the floor area by rationally stacking humans in a huge box. In the city, humans were bound to the ground by gravity and became oxygen deficient between the increasing densities. The living instinct of humans who remained in it began to be paralyzed, and eventually humans degenerated into gendaidin. This proposal is to three-dimensionally release and reconstruct the over-compressed human life.

The density is derived from "monkeys living in the forest".
The trees in the forest seek sunlight and grow upwards, looking for a place to spread their leaves while keeping a certain distance so that they do not overlap each other. The monkeys eventually settle in the trees that are firmly rooted and foliage. Monkeys sleep on trees and live in all trees. Move freely from tree to tree.

Pachwork Roof

The buildings of this city are buried in the ground below the roof, and people come and go on the roof. The collection of architecture becomes a city, and the people who come and go in the city create a "diameter" in the continuous roof and start living. The diameter close to life makes people feel the signs and connects people. Various activities occur between the roofs and bring the city of roofs to life. Also, when there are no houses, it becomes a common courtyard. The underground is a private space, the part in contact with the ground surface is a semi-public space, and the roof is a public space, connecting each area.

Forest nomads

"The way of housing that enriches the lives of residents can make the surrounding residential areas and the people living there a little richer." It seems that it is the relationship of people through housing that is unique to the 21st century. For example, the presence of a dense forest in a corner of a residential area not only gives the surrounding houses the richness of change and renewal, but also encourages people to interact with their neighbors through the forest. A deep place is created.
And it seemed that this small residential land would transform into a vast land that would fill the lives of nomads, because "there are places in the house where you wouldn't know what was going on until you went that day. This is because the forest seems to bring about a situation that is "studded".
An elongated house that lives as if walking from one end of the forest to the other. A tall house that lives ascending and descending while enjoying the vertical changes in the trees. A wide house that lives in the forest while choosing near or far from the trees. House.
In each case, there is a special place in the house, which moves due to the change of the forest, and the inhabitants live by chasing it.

BUG's LIFE (insects + people)
​~ Related architect ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

​~ Related architectural ideas ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

[2] Architectural design / work pattern of each proposal process

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[A2] Subjective proposal of the theme

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[D2] Subjective proposal of design method

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[B2] Subjective proposal of the site

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[E2] Subjective proposal of form

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[C2] Subjective proposal of the program

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[F2] Subjective proposal of space
[1] Evaluation items for architectural design and each proposal process

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[D1] Objective evaluation of design method

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[B1] Objective evaluation of the site