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Intermediate region / mediation space

~ Editing ~

On this page, reference works are categorized for each proposed element.

​ Target works are National Architecture Student Award, National Graduation Design Award, JIA Master Design Exhibition, Tokyo Architecture Collection, Sendai Design League, Ara Brick Graduation Design Exhibition, National Joint Design Exhibition, Chubu Graduation Design Exhibition, Diploma Kyoto, Design Review, Hase Ko Competition, Daiwa House Competition, ERI Student Competition, Daito Kensetsu Competition, Furic Competition, Public Space Competition. In addition, we will categorize related videos, books, magazines, and buildings, aiming to be one of the largest and most advanced architectural design platforms.

――Interpret the intermediate space from the interior to the town ――

Outline of work

In the last 20 years, Bangkok, Thailand has developed rapidly and the year has expanded. Areas that used to be residential areas have been replaced by commercial programs such as department stores, cafes and clubs, and their own communities are disappearing. The Ekamai district is one of them. Therefore, we focused on the Thai lifestyle, which actively uses the between space, which is an intermediate region between the inside and the outside, and studied its effectiveness. We have renovated the Nagaya at the intersection and proposed a new community space with a lot of variations so that it can be used for modern purposes while preserving the old community in the Ekamai area.

It means that each person can still interact with the people around him while taking advantage of the space that suits his needs and activities. People can still see and talk to others while using their favorite space, increasing the chances of interacting with each other and creating a sense of community. In addition, the first floor of all buildings will be a versatile open space, and the store will be compact in size so that the open space can be used to the fullest during any period or in any program. And by creating a plaza at the same level of each building, each building can have a continuous feeling from the perspective even if the program is different.

I think that Thailand is characterized by the custom of using between space that flows from the inside to the outside, and in this design, we have improved the usage of such between space, flowing from a small volume, continuing to each other, and giving a sense of community to the place. We experimented with various fit possibilities to bring it back.

Planning of community-based dementia care facility incorporating intermediate areas
--Taking the Inokashira area of Mitaka City, Tokyo as an example--

Outline of work

A method analysis sheet was created when planning a dementia long-term care facility. The research material is "new architecture", and the main target is facilities where elderly people with dementia can live together. The period from 2000 to 2015, when the long-term care insurance started, was set as the target period for case analysis, and 30 works and 127 architectural elements were collected. The collected architectural elements are classified into the following seven categories. (1) Diverse locations (2) Connection between the inside and the outside (3) Continuity of space (4) Installation of outdoor space (5) Harmony with the surrounding environment (6) Regional exchange (7) Living environment, and the contents were organized by category. Among these, many ideas were found in the intermediate areas such as the relationship between the living room and the common area, and the relationship between the inside and the outside. Therefore, focusing on the importance of the "intermediate region", we decided to investigate the intermediate region from the actual living environment. In order to plan to create a "house" or "town" instead of a "facility", we focused on the relationship between the house and the road, which is the actual living environment, and the space from the road to the entrance of the house and the accompanying house. A part of the above was cut out and modeled, and 31 intermediate regions were analyzed. Furthermore, the following eight elements are extracted from the intermediate region. ① Alcove ② Eaves ③ Flying geese type ④ Frame ⑤ Hanging wall ⑥ Wall pillar ⑦ Continuity (colonnade space) ⑧ Transparency. Basic rules were set up for designing using these elements and the ideas obtained from the method analysis sheet, and the design was performed according to the rules. The intermediate region plays an important role in creating a living environment for the elderly with dementia.

Overflowing life  --Proposal of a multi-generational apartment building with abundant flow line space in overflow and expression-

Outline of work

In an apartment house, the flow line space from the entrance to the dwelling unit has the role of an intermediate area connecting the area and the apartment house, and the common space and the inside of the dwelling unit. It is a space that creates communication between residents, such as daily greetings and sharing of signs of life. It is often the case that attention is paid to the enhancement of common facilities such as the interior of the dwelling unit, the shared lounge, and the guest room, but it can be said that there is little interest in the daily flow line space between the dwelling units. The flow line space only serves as a moving space, and it is unlikely that the residents' facial expressions and signs will be felt in front of the dwelling unit. However, in an apartment complex where people of various genders and ages live, daily greetings and sharing of signs may be the catalyst for building a better community, rather than a shared facility where people of various genders and ages gather. Therefore, in this study, we investigate the cases where the flow line space is often overflowed and expressed, and analyze the relationship with architectural elements. Using the design method extracted from it, we propose a multi-generational apartment house including a student dormitory that focuses on the overflow and expression in the flow line space. The movement line that becomes a part of the living space as well as a moving space with the three concepts of "sharing a rich back space", "planning a margin space where residents can participate", and "planning an overlapping space between the area and residents". Make a space proposal.

"Words inherent in the flow line"-  Proposal of relationships using buffer flow lines  ---

From simple flow line to "buffer flow line" ...

By designing with the flow line in mind, I thought about regaining the diversity that is not eaten up by modern globalism and economic efficiency to the interior space and exterior of the architecture.
"Cushioning flow line" is my coined word, and in this paper, it connects each other as a buffering agent for inside ⇔ outside, city ⇔ body, public ⇔ individual, and gives a rhythm, like a neighborhood that cannot be created only by the residence space. It is defined as a flow line space that creates things. I thought that using such a flow line in architectural design would be an opportunity to review urban architecture whose location and regionality are becoming weaker due to globalism and complex demands from society.

As a result of analyzing 45 example works that are characteristic of the flow line space in this paper, it is found that almost all the flow line spaces acquire a constant flow line perimeter (surface area), and the movement for obtaining the perimeter. The morphological methods in line space are roughly summarized into five types.

Then, we carefully analyzed 45 works from the viewpoints of the regional characteristics, neighborhoods, and places of architecture for the five types, and made two design proposals (bookstores, apartment houses) that made use of them. ..

By recognizing the flow line as a buffer space and reviewing the architectural design again, it may be possible to regain the noise-like elements and diversity of the original architecture that has been weeded out in modern times.

Ambiguous boundary living area studio apartment Re-concept Apartment renovation plan to be built in the residential area of Chiba

In 2020, it is said that more than 40% of the residences in the metropolitan area will be the residences of singles, and most of them are "private room complete living spaces" called studio condominiums.
In this study, through the renovation plan of the studio apartment "Corte Matsunami" built in the residential area of Chiba, what is the original "richness of personal living space", a single person who has become isolated in the local community. However, what kind of dwelling will be the side that will form the local community / city in the future, the future way of living alone and the possibility of forming a living community, reconsidering the existence of the dwelling of a single person, and re-thinking The purpose is to build.
We think that an individual's abundant living space is a "house that can expand and contract and renew its place of residence" according to the times when there are gentle boundaries depending on things and actions in the time axis of life. It may be possible to achieve this by maintaining the privacy and personal living area (territory) that each individual feels, and by securing a sufficient living space in which living activities spread.
[Operation 1] For each living space, consider the shared "number of people, location and size of the space" based on the analysis obtained through case studies and surveys of living conditions, secure a living area, and create a living space. By rearranging, we will reconstruct a rich living space for individuals.
[Operation 2] By zoning the boundary between the private room space and the shared space in terms of shelves and owning things with various personalities that accompany every act, the personality changes from time to time, and the personality changes. The boundaries of living space become ambiguous.

Architectural design method using a continuous discrete space model

We live unconsciously and repeatedly to recognize parts and wholes continuously or discretely in cities and the Internet space. In recognition of this, the contradictory concepts of continuous and discrete are defined as "continuous discrete".
This master's design uses a "continuous discrete space model" that applies the concept of "continuous discrete" to an architectural space, and the relationships between parts and the whole differ depending on the recognition, and the architecture flexibly adapts to the situation and people. The purpose is to create a design method. Analyzing the "continuous discrete" found in urban and internet spaces and existing buildings, and considering how to arrange openings in segmental walls using the concept of Isovist, which evaluates space equivalently by visual relationships. Then, three types of "continuous discrete space models" were derived. Applying them to Mediatheque, which is a public building but has a high degree of private space, the opening operation of the segment wall makes it possible to visually recognize both parts and the whole space, and changes the spatial recognition depending on the situation. It was confirmed. This design method is effective as an architectural design method that flexibly adapts to each situation and person by entrusting people with the recognition of space for buildings that include various uses.

Study on the segment of "spatial continuum"

There is a place that looks particularly attractive in the vague space of a city. It is the "road" in the city. The road is a continuous space in the city. There are no doors on the road, and no walls to prevent you from walking.
The city is full of various functions and uses. By connecting them through a continuous space called a road, we think that the actions performed there influence each other and become a factor that causes various activities. By incorporating such an urban situation into the architectural space, it may be possible to create new relationships in space, function, and action.
So I decided to pay attention to the continuous space found in the architectural space. If various functions can be included in the continuous space, it will be possible to create an urban situation inside the architectural space.
In this research, a connected space that is not physically separated by walls or doors is defined as a "space continuum". (1) How to handle the boundary surface between a space continuum and an adjacent space (2) Volume and segmentation The relationship between the methods was clarified, and the project was carried out by applying them.

A house that sews the road, a bleeding life.

The road is a place with the charm of "encounter". Intimate local communities, such as the three houses on both sides, were born from roadside encounters. We respected the rural life that values small relationships with us, and decided to regenerate the streets with apartments that chain small encounters. In this apartment house, the road space and the living space interfere with each other as if they were sewn together. As the site of each house crosses the road, individual life oozes into the road. On the contrary, the road erodes between each house, creating a U-shaped common area and fostering a community of neighboring residents. Rural streets are recreated as a place to create a chain of encounters, with multiple layers of living scenery, created by a series of housing complexes that straddle the road.

A town-style inn — a symbiosis of two stories woven by moving walls —

"Sightseeing" that makes the city lively teaches us the charm of various encounters. However, many tourists may not be able to fully enjoy the history and culture that have been nurtured in the area, only by superficial sightseeing such as looking at the cityscape. Therefore, this time, I propose an apartment complex that combines a guest house and a shopping district. A wall that changes according to the life and time of the inhabitants and guests, and creates an alley-like expanse inside, creating an apartment complex where the inhabitants, guests, and the city coexist. A variety of people, such as residents and guests, visit, meet, and share. Then, the two stories mix and merge to create a new landscape on the street that covers people's lives.

50 dwelling units and 50 banya apartments

"City-likeness" is like an afterimage created by various communities of people who live in the city and those who come to the city with a purpose. Since ancient times, Japanese fishing villages have had many buildings with a town-like atmosphere, which is a place for fishermen's dwelling units and workshops, a place for people to interact, and a place for travelers to stay. By incorporating the banya so that it is adjacent to the dwelling unit of the apartment house, residents, people with a purpose, and local people will gather and interact with each other, and a new community will be created. Furthermore, by stacking the continuous eaves space three-dimensionally, the outside and the inside, the dwelling unit and the banya are loosely connected, and it becomes an open and "town-like apartment house" that brings the neighborhood to the whole apartment house.

Ishin no Ie

Uzo Nishiyama's theory of separation of sleeping and eating was proposed more than 70 years ago, but we still live in a house based on the concept of nDK, which is an extension of that. However, it seems that the idea of nDK is no longer suitable for the changing modern life such as share houses and integrated work and housing. Therefore, paying attention to "sleeping", we propose a "house without a bedroom" where you can find a comfortable place like a cat and sleep naturally. By eliminating the space called "bedroom", which has a low occupancy rate, for example, a corridor can be enlarged to provide a place to sleep, or the size of a house can be reduced to create a place where people can live more affluently, such as a garden or an intermediate area. I think architecture and cities will evolve by rethinking the fundamental human desire to "sleep."

​A house on the road that lives on the road

If the object that a person breathes is the air through which various substances are flowing, then architecture may be a "michi" that is full of various things. People and animals, wind and light, sound and gaze ... If a house can inhale such a "michi" well, it will always be flooded with various factors and will be richer than usual life. We propose a house that sucks in "Michi" and snuggles up to "Michi", as if it were built on "Michi". "Michi" as an extension of the city's living infrastructure will be drawn into the house, and the area of "Michi" will be extended to the inside of the house by the roof wall. Light, wind, rain, and exchanges and activities between various generations, such as towns, that are taken in through various passages permeate directly into the dwelling unit from "Michi" and circulate.

​~ Related architect ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

​~ Related architectural ideas ~
Algorithmic Architecture

Algorithm architecture is a design method that uses information processing technology and involves fine discrete processes with fine resolution, and redefines the relationship between nature and humans, and the relationship between nature and act = artificial construction. Nature is an infinite continuum, but when human interpretation is added to it in the process of design, it is inevitably "discretized" into finite elements. An algorithm is also a method for discretizing and understanding nature, but unlike the conventional coarse resolution discretization process up to modern times, it discretizes nature with finer resolution and nature as a continuum. It is an attempt to get as close as possible to itself.

[2] Architectural design / work pattern of each proposal process

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[A2] Subjective proposal of the theme

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[D2] Subjective proposal of design method

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[B2] Subjective proposal of the site

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[E2] Subjective proposal of form

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[C2] Subjective proposal of the program

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[F2] Subjective proposal of space
[1] Evaluation items for architectural design and each proposal process

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[D1] Objective evaluation of design method

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[B1] Objective evaluation of the site

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[E1] Objective evaluation of form

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[C1] Objective evaluation of the program

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[F1] Objective evaluation of space
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