Cityscape inheritance / landscape / landscape Cityscape inheritance
～ Editing ～
On this page, reference works are categorized for each proposed element.
Target works are National Architecture Student Award, National Graduation Design Award, JIA Master Design Exhibition, Tokyo Architecture Collection, Sendai Design League, Ara Brick Graduation Design Exhibition, National Joint Design Exhibition, Chubu Graduation Design Exhibition, Diploma Kyoto, Design Review, Hase Ko Competition, Daiwa House Competition, ERI Student Competition, Daito Kensetsu Competition, Furic Competition, Public Space Competition. In addition, we will categorize related videos, books, magazines, and buildings, aiming to be one of the largest and most advanced architectural design platforms.
Inheritance and development
――Proposal of a place to live together with work and housing in the former Kanbara-juku ――
Outline of work
The relationship between living and living before modernization has changed significantly today. Lifestyles are changing and people's values are diversifying. By focusing on traditional housing styles, we thought that it might be possible to present a new way of living that can meet one of today's diversifying lifestyles.
Kanbara Town, Shizuoka City, prospered as a post town during the Edo period, but the population is steadily declining, and the townscape of the post town is fading. In today's world where lifestyles and ways of interacting with people have changed, I think it is necessary to change the form of architecture. The townscape of the post town has an elevation rising parallel to the Tokaido, and the townscape is kept horizontal and maintains a unified landscape. Therefore, we propose a new frame that swings the axis of the building 45 degrees with respect to the Tokaido and supports the Japanese hut with four pillars. By swinging the axis, we will open the architecture to the street and create a new relationship between people and architecture, and propose a richer place to live by the thickness of the four pillars.
A sustainable town by inheriting the townscape, which was a specialty of the post town as the creation of identity in the local society, and presenting a new architectural form in accordance with the changes in lifestyle and the way people interact with each other today. aim.
Scenery design model
――Proposal of architectural landscape design to be incorporated into the city ecosystem ――
Outline of work
From business to terrain, the city was connected to the ground. However, the industrial structure of the current city has changed, and it has been released from the land, and each individual is in a separate and disjointed state. The resulting landscape is also scattered. Originally, the landscape should have been unique to the place, with the elements of the place intricately intertwined and changing little by little.
In order to form a new landscape of the place, I thought that it was necessary to change the elements of the modern disparate city into a large group by considering architecture as one element that forms the landscape. ..
The site is Katsuura City, Chiba Prefecture. This plan is a plan to rebuild libraries and meetinghouses in rural areas with disjointed landscapes.
It's not a single building, it's not just about collecting the elements of the city.
The design was made by disassembling one building into parts and connecting them to each part of the city as a "branch island style". Architectures where rich mountains, minute height differences, narrow alleys and different scales of the city coexist appear while creating a gap in one architecture.
Although it is cohesive with the landscape of the place, I hoped that the gap created on the site would bring about new discoveries and encounters, and that it would become a new landscape at this place.
Opening the moat
――Reconstruction of the center that connects the past and opens up the future ――
Outline of work
Is it possible for architecture to connect the history of the city in Japan, where history has been divided many times due to rapid social changes and natural disasters?
The modern city, which was born around a castle, spread outward and lost its core as it became huge. In a city that is far from human beings and has become difficult to grasp, we will set up a new center that will converge human activities inward.
For local cities with remarkable hollowing out of the center, we plan to start from the moat, which is the origin of the castle and still exists in many cities. Drain the water from the moat that separated the inhabitants from the center, and open it to the city while building it. The architecture required by each characteristic peripheral edge, which is divided according to the four sides of the moat, overcomes the moat and mixes in the castle. Each building that contains the stone wall appears to interpret the stone wall while maintaining reinforcement and reversibility. Due to the widespread attitude of historical preservation in recent years, historical interpretations have substance instead of facts, and while historical facts have become unclear, both facts and interpretations aim to coexist as entities. The personal experience of architecture with Ishigaki becomes a common memory of the entire city so that the group of buildings becomes one with a large skeleton called a moat.
By building an architecture based on the earth created by humans, the historical fact of a moat will remain in posterity along with people's lives.
Trial to Vietnam's urban housing "Layer"
――Development from the laminated beams of traditional wooden architecture ――
Outline of work
The three problems facing Vietnam today are "cultural disruption," "family disintegration," and "house light and thermal environment." The lack of timber and the neglect of traditions are the reason why wall-mounted dwellings that do not fit the hot climate fill the entire country. In the analysis, we discovered the "culture of overlapping designs" of the architectural frame that expresses the dignity of the "family" ancestral platform (buddha) in the cross section, and "environment" in the plane. I found the answer, "overlapping space". The landscape of wall-mounted dwellings in Saigon, southern Vietnam, is not properly related to the climate that once existed. In this corner, we propose an urban housing "layered house" that modernly reorganizes cultural, family, and environmental issues. Obtained by analyzing the relationship between traditional architecture and the climate of Vietnam, while creating a pond and creating wind due to the difference in atmospheric pressure, rainwater usually enters inside but outside when it rains. The superposed space and the superposed design that expresses the dignity of the ancestors have been sublimated into a modern urban house. A "superposition shop" that has both a "superposition space" that suits the Vietnamese climate and a "superposition design" that is sublimated into a bamboo frame asks Vietnam the possibility and importance of tradition.
Regeneration plan for townhouses and townscapes based on prescriptions for space and activities in front of Nikko Gate
Outline of work
Nikko Monzen, Nikko City, Tochigi Prefecture, has prospered as a gate town of the world heritage "Nikko Shrines and Temples" since the construction of Toshogu Shrine in the Edo period. Currently, the road is under construction for a long period of time, and although the maintenance has been completed in some sections, the area where the traditional townhouses in front of Toshogu remain is still undeveloped, so when considering future landscape formation. It's an important time. Along the highway, there are various types of townhouses that have changed with the times, such as Misezo and signboards, reflecting people's activities. , It is necessary to reconsider the townscape by the set of them.
In envisioning the next generation of townhouses and townscapes, we interpret the townscape not only as a collection of physical things such as architecture, but also as people living there, and have two perspectives: "space" and "business." Was emphasized. After that, we extracted the elements that express the "Nikko-ness" peculiar to Nikko Gate as "Nikko-ness elements", clarified the townhouse type, and devised a prescription that would be a scenic set.
In this plan, we analyzed the townhouses in the Hatseki area that will be developed in the future from both sides of the space and activities, and clarified the symptoms that will be a problem for the townhouse type and the townscape. In addition, he presented a prescription that is a set of landscape repair methods for symptoms, and proposed a revitalization plan for townhouses and townscapes by designing new townhouses, renovated townhouses, and open space designs by combining them.
It is thought that the prescription design method derived from the analysis of these symptoms will enable us to pass on the existing town to the next generation without losing the “likeness” of the townscape that is undergoing major changes.
Expanding stone landscape
――Memorable Iyo Oshima ――
Outline of work
Miyakubocho, Oshima, Imabari City, Ehime Prefecture, where I spent two and a half years in laboratory activities. During the activity, I developed an architecture by Oshima stone in a certain place in the town where I was asked "what should I do here?" Through the local project, I experienced the stone-building technique with the local stone shop people, and I sympathized with their pride in the local assets and at the same time wanted to protect those things that were in danger of survival. We investigated and analyzed the possibility of stone architecture, including modern architecture, but the final result was the masonry technology rooted here in Oshima. Oshima Miyakubo-cho, where the active quarry is located, is a house with a retaining wall and a huge stone wall.
In this proposal, the masonry was designed with functions and shapes to extend the landscape of this stone. The masonry landscape flows like a swell and is built as it is, giving a feeling of expanse without boundaries between the inside and the outside. The architecture that integrates with the hidden landscape, the architecture itself becomes a part of the landscape, and visitors walk in the landscape of Miyakubo without boundaries between the inside and outside while walking around. While maintaining the functions of the existing fish market, Japanese boat warehouse, museum, and meeting place, we designed a new symbol tower with a cottage, Japanese boat cafe, and stone bath.
Oshima stone, which is a material with a strong presence, is a symbol of Oshima's strength and rooted culture, and I would like the people of this town to take pride in protecting it with technology. The expanded stone landscape is depicted as a powerful memory for those who will become the new scenery of Miyakubo.
Research on architectural design methods focusing on the relationship between natural landscapes and architecture
――Including "landscape metabolism" in the range ――
Outline of work
Research and proposals will be made from the awareness of the issue that if architecture is like a natural landscape, a homogeneous living landscape and urban landscape may change. This research is called natural landscape theory.
As a procedure, first, various spatial concepts contained in the natural landscape are extracted and translated into architectural elements as "general concepts". Next, we investigated and analyzed the relationship between natural landscapes and architecture in contemporary architecture, and extracted "concrete methods." From the two analyzes, we have summarized the concepts for developing into architectural design such as natural landscapes into four categories: "elemental view", "material view", "relationship with function", and "freedom of scale".
Based on these, we conducted an architectural study to embody the concept of space in a natural landscape.
Study = Smodel imagines a living landscape for a certain natural landscape (sea, forest, clouds ...).
In order to implement the theory of natural landscape in society, we increased the size (= M ~ XLmodel) by combining Smodels as appropriate. The site is being reconstructed in a natural landscape theory, targeting the actual facilities in Tokyo, with the program and volume unchanged.
In the first place, there is no distinction between individual and public landscapes, and if natural landscapes (like architecture) are born in the city, life and urban landscapes will be destroyed. People's vague and unambiguous perception and use of architecture may change to a richer and more liberal one. We call this suggestion "landscape metabolism" and would like to make it an issue for future design activities.
Half wheat hat
Outline of work
This completion production is an attempt to keep "things that are too familiar to be seen" regarding the implementation design of clothing stores on Awaji Island. (Scheduled to be completed in the summer of 2019)
This area seems to be a seemingly featureless, ubiquitous suburb with a mixture of various landscapes such as agricultural land, fishing ports, factories, and new housing. However, although there are slight differences, individual information can be read, and it is hard to say that it is "everywhere", and it shows the vividness of the city. We named these landscapes of different scales and purposes in the city "Kakera" and tried to treat them all equally.
I treat "Kakera" as a form and design by combining them. The new meaning (use and quality) created through design will appear in the city as a new form. Then, I designed a building that would make people feel uncomfortable when it was seen as a landscape in the eyes of the residents.
We used 1/100 axome and models for zoning, and mockups with real objects for the material fittings, which are completely different quality tools depending on the purpose. As a result of accumulating designs based on the information possessed by Kakera and the selection of tools, it naturally deviated from the hierarchy of design order by scale, and emerged as a single building in which Kakera was given equal value.
As a designer, Kakera helps me to be skeptical of the theory of architectural design.
Island industry architecture -New public proposal by Gogo Island / migration promotion facility-
Outline of work
Over the past year, I have had many opportunities to visit remote islands in Japan. I fell in love with the unique culture and the place where the air flows, and wanted to think about the future of the remote islands, which is the epitome of society, at the beginning of this master's design.
It is a proposal of three architectures to make the best use of the attractive resources of the island, to earn money for the entire island, to live, and to build an "island business". Nowadays, the public skeleton that has been applied everywhere due to existing city planning is no longer valid, and it seems that it can only be established in that place, just like the culture unique to the place and the atmosphere of the place that flows only there. I think the role of architects is to rebuild the way of life of the city in the future by rediscovering and building a new and permanent public skeleton.
The life and public skeleton of the island will be reinterpreted by the detonator of accepting yosomono, which accompanies the construction of a new migration promotion facility on Gogo Island, Matsuyama City, Ehime Prefecture. Through the rediscovery of the structure of the island, with the keyword of the community through "living business" that never disappears, we will reconstruct the wholeness of the island, which can only be established in this place, by linking with the existing local resources. To do.
From urban experience to architecture -Design method based on the description of successive visual experiences in Shibuya-
Outline of work
This plan is a tentative plan of a method to leave the memory of the city in the future. We are constantly experiencing urban space with movement. There are various scales such as walking, swinging, and minute eye movements, but the structure in the visual field changes according to the movements, and the space is visually experienced. For example, while walking, there are various visual experiences such as another building appearing from behind one building or starting to hide the building behind, depending on the positional relationship between the body and the visual object.
We defined this visual experience, which people passing through the city unconsciously continue to enjoy, as the experiential quality inherent in urban space, that is, the memory of the city, and extracted 18 types in Shibuya. Then, by writing down the visual experience in the urban space from the viewpoint of the observer and converting it into space, we tried a method to describe the visual experience as the memory of the city in a form.
Project _ 01 "Parallel running" Gallery as a portrait of Shibuya where the memories of the city run in three-dimensional parallel
Project _ 02 "Crossing" Complex as an afterimage of Shibuya where fragments of memory float in all directions
The range of this method was explored by developing from description to space and from different perspectives to two experimental trials. Objects that are built up with dynamic spatial descriptions as blueprints phenomenon while surviving / mutating the visual experience in urban space. It is a space that continuously / fragmentarily recalls the memory of the city, and is also the stage set of the city that visualizes the unconsciousness of the observer.
Fifty years of fittings ――Proposal for group homecoming through Soma Nomaoi ――
Outline of work
Due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, the Soma area in Fukushima Prefecture was double-damaged by the tsunami and the nuclear power plant. However, starting from the cancellation of the evacuation zone in July 2016, it has begun to regain the appearance of the original village. What is fundamentally needed for regeneration is for people to stay in touch with Kodaka. Therefore, we devised an annual group homecoming centered on "Soma Nomaoi", which has been held in the Soma area for more than a thousand years, and started the design by envisioning the concrete scenery.
The site is at the foot of the precincts of Odaka Shrine, the final point of Soma Nomaoi. This place is usually operated as a student dormitory for 100 new high school students and a production base for the primary industry, but a group homecoming that plays the role of (welcome, accommodation, communication) only on the last day of "Soma Nomaoi". It changes to a place. In particular, the new approach, which is decorated with 170 flags of Odakago used in "Soma Nomaoi", symbolizes this place. The gently curved tip of the building gently envelops the returnees in this place, and the rising flag line guides them up the stairs leading to Odaka Shrine, making them realize that they have returned home after worshiping.
This group homecoming is an opportunity for people in various situations, such as the remaining elderly, working-age people who have moved, high school students, and first-time visitors, to continue to have a relationship. I hope that in the future, that practice will become customary, homecoming will become more commonplace, and eventually it will lead to the option of returning.
――Architectural design that reconstructs shared memory ――
Outline of work
Architecture has the function of storing memories.
This study reconsiders the value of architecture related to memory by recognizing memory as one function of architecture.
In envisioning architecture and cities from the keyword "memory", we will focus on "living" as the most fundamental phenomenon in architecture, and decline in order to consider this research in relation to more universal urban problems. Maebashi city center was selected as a case study with the theme of regional residence in the local city center.
By conducting a survey to reveal the memory in the central city of Maebashi and developing the manifested memory in the design proposal, we think about the value of architecture related to the memory and develop a modern urban renewal method in the central city of the local city. Present.
For a convincing project born from my personal perspective, I will extend the idea of architect Aldo Rossi, who dealt with "memory" in the context of architecture, to the present and use it as a means to think deeper. ..
In the frontier
Outline of work
This is another place that exists for everyone. When you move from your daily life to a space that has taken a leap forward, or when you reach a remote area, it will be a spiritually free space that has been released from the shackles of the past. When you land on this land, you lose your sense of time and space on the way that follows. According to the memory of the place so far. This is a desert without water. Creatures continue to walk toward their endless destinations. Humans and animals are the same in this place, aiming for an oasis in search of water. A state that cannot be explained by the language of "being in the frontier" is connected to the space by the act of "recording". 20XX years Wilderness as far as the eye can see. Nothing is gone. I am desperately trying to find something in the vast landscape. The utility poles that can be seen in the distance are reminiscent of the people and lifestyles of the past. Walk through the vast wilderness. Meanwhile, a single flower suddenly appeared. It was like seeing myself alive now. The records of various times and people that the space has overlap with the one who lives in the present. Individual intentions and free intentions can be intervened in the plan as a fragment, creating an expanse of space that reveals the context of time. It derives from the thoughts of those who have recorded in space. People's thoughts recorded in the space accumulated in their lives are the scenery and places that emerge as a space that spreads from a certain flower or fragmentary object, regardless of their physical distance. It spreads as a scene composed of people.
Italy and Japan Regional Revitalization Town Development: Research on Inheritance and Regeneration Design ――Aiming for a design that pays homage to the land and life ――
Outline of work
In the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake of 3.11, it is hoped that the coastal areas that were devastated by the great earthquake and tsunami will be restored as soon as possible, and deforestation for new roads and residential land development is underway. However, they were plans that ignored the memories of the village before the earthquake. Through dialogue with fishermen as fishing volunteers, I witnessed the victims talking about various memories in the vacant coastal area, relying on the memories of the place. Furthermore, through studying abroad in L'Aquila, Italy, which was affected by the disaster in 2009, I learned about the historical nature of the land in Italy, which is an earthquake-prone country like Japan, and the intentions of the people living there. I wondered if the reconstruction plan and regional revitalization plan, which erases the memories rooted in the land and disregards those memories, are suitable for the town development loved by the local residents.
In this study, in order to review Japan's reconstruction plan and regional revitalization plan, we studied the villages of Italy and Japan that completed the reconstruction plan. Use it to understand whether it inherits the historical nature of the area. I thought that the findings obtained from these studies would be very important in considering the regional loss and historical inheritance design that are problems in local cities in Japan.
The purpose of this research is to review not only disaster recovery design but also regional regeneration design in local cities in Japan. Furthermore, as a case study, we tried to create a regional revitalization town in Yanagawa, Hadano City, Kanagawa Prefecture, where settlement promotion and agricultural promotion events have begun to be actively tackled, and showed a concrete development method.
Proposal of urban structures focusing on the relationship of landscape components --Through a modern interpretation of Picturesque--
Outline of work
This design explores the picturesque concept in order to discover the order latent in Japanese cities, which is said to be chaotic, and presents a new perspective on architecture and cities.
The word "picturesque" has been ambiguous since the 18th century, but through the consideration of discourse in multiple literatures, the essence of the picturesque concept is A: the relationship between landscape components that bring about wholeness B: beauty ( I regarded it as the existence of emotions of beauty and sublime. As a result of analyzing the meaning of these characteristics in the context of the past and the present, it was found that the wholeness of the modern picturesque landscape is constructed by the imaginative power in the landscape experience of the walker. These picturesque characteristics found from analysis and reinterpretation are applied to the landscape reconstruction of the Higashiikebukuro area. The Higashiikebukuro area is a place where the commercial area in the subcenter and the old obscureness of the Showa period coexist. Currently, there is concern that the integration of regional characteristics through redevelopment will impair the complex and mixed regional characteristics of this region. Therefore, we will try to reconstruct the scenery of the Higashiikebukuro area, using the elevated expressway that runs through the center of this area as the "cause".
Consideration of discomfort and mystery that people perceive from the landscape ――Architectural design with elements that allow consciousness to enter ――
Outline of work
At first glance, the scenery looks normal, and sometimes it feels strange and strange. I wanted to know the factors behind the mystery and discomfort of such landscapes and spaces. The elements in such a landscape contain the power to make the observer imagine something, and have the power to shake recognition. In this proposal, the word "(the observer's) consciousness enters the object" is used to express the action of the observer to think about something by confronting the landscape. By knowing the elements that consciousness enters, we think that it is possible to create something like a spatial experience or expanse beyond a certain physical space as an absolute one by each observer's recognition. In this proposal, we analyzed the landscape using three methods in order to analyze the landscape without relying solely on the subjectivity. One is to use Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics to analyze perceptual phenomena from a symbolic point of view and highlight important elements. The second method is to have another person model the landscape based on your own image and photograph, and to objectively consider the landscape. The third method is to superimpose sketches of sensuous images sensed from the landscape and grasp the outline of the image. Using the elements obtained in this way, we designed an "architecture with consciousness".
JR Ueno Station area renovation plan focusing on perspective interpretation of landscape structure
Consider an integrated proposal for landscape planning and architectural design.
While the JR Ueno Station area is designated as a landscape formation special district, since it is located in the development department in the city center, skyscrapers will be constructed in the neighborhood due to redevelopment projects, etc., and there are concerns about the impact on the landscape. Therefore, in this plan, by referring to the existing landscape plan and trying the architectural design with the idea of the landscape plan, the target building with cultural property value such as economic development and protection of cultural resources and the buffer zone around the target area We propose the method of architectural design in.
First, refer to the case of landscape planning and apply the extracted evaluation criteria to the renovation plan of JR Ueno Station. Focusing on the vanishing points of each case from the pictorial characteristics of the landscape plan with a static perspective, and comparing the four characteristics with the surrounding building form, the evaluation criteria "A. Landscape" that the surrounding building form gives to the landscape "Monumentization", "B. Integrated formation of landscape", "C. Setting the purpose of the landscape", and "D. Arrangement of the landscape" are extracted.
In addition to the existing viewpoint A1 that is conscious of the view to the National Museum of Western Art, we set the viewpoint C that is conscious of the view to the surroundings and Ueno Park, and apply the evaluation standard ABCD to the form of JR Ueno Station seen from each viewpoint. The interior and exterior of the station building are set based on the visual effect of "how to show the background scenery through JR Ueno Station". By incorporating the concept of the viewpoint into the architectural design, we design the appearance of the building at the same time as the building, and propose an architectural space by superimposing different actions of people who see the building (landscape) and people who use the building. ..